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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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Aggression
A feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack; violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked; deliberately unfriendly behavior; the act of initiating hostilities; or a disposition to behave aggressively. Overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting da   (more info - Aggression)

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Aging (ageing)
The organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age; acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time; growing old. The uninterrupted process of normal development that leads to a progressive decline in physiological function of an organism and ultimat   (more info - Aging)

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anticoagulant (anti-coagulant)
Medicine that prevents or slows the clotting of blood; prevents change from a liquid to a semisolid, as when blood clots. Also called "blood thinner".

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Antihemorrhagic (hemostatic)
Also: styptic, antihaemorrhagic. Prevents bleeding and promotes clotting of blood by contracting the tissues and/or blood vessels; by promoting platelet aggregation; by inhibiting fibrinolysis; or by promoting coagulation. There are several classes of antihemorrhagic drugs used in medicine. Th   (more info - Antihemorrhagic)

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astragalin
A 3-O-glucoside of kaempferol.

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autophagocytosis (autophagy)
The feeding of the body upon itself, as in fasting; nutrition by consumption of one's own tissues. It is the basic catabolic mechanism that involves cell degradation of unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components through the lysosomal machinery, and the breakdown of cellular components can ensu   (more info - autophagocytosis)

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cartilage
Tough elastic but flexible connective tissue found in humans and other animals that is mostly converted to bone in adults; the smooth material that covers bone ends of a joint to cushion the bone and allow the joint to move easily without pain. Cartilage is found in many parts of the body includi   (more info - cartilage)

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Chair Massage
A combination of Swedish massage, Shiatsu, and Acupressure performed in a specially-designed, portable chair, without oil, usually on-site. The client remains clothed throughout the session, which is usually shorter than a table massage session.   (more info - Chair Massage)

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Chinese Massage (anma)
(see also: Acupressure and Tui Na.) Anma is a deep tissue massage performed without oil, using a primarily kneading, percussion, stretching, and squeezing techniques. The underlying goal is to restore the flow of Qi (the natural life energy) throughout the body.   (more info - Chinese Massage)

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Coagulation
The change from a liquid to a thickened, curdlike, insoluble state, not by evaporation, but by some kind of chemical reaction; as, the spontaneous coagulation of freshly drawn blood; the coagulation of milk by rennet, or acid, and the coagulation of egg albumin by heat. Coagulation is generally the    (more info - Coagulation)

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Collagen
A fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue that yields gelatin on boiling. It is the organic fraction of bone as distinct from the mineral or carbonate portion. Collagen is the most abundant protein in mammals, making up about 25% to 35% of the whole-body   (more info - Collagen)

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contagious (contagion)
Any disease easily transmitted by contact; The communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people; "a contagion of mirth"; "the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry" An incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted.

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ellagic acid
A phenolic compound (a set of weak acids with at least one of the hydroxyl groups) naturally found in many plants, particularly blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries. Ellagic acid has antioxidant properties, along with an anticarcinogen and antimutagenic effect on the body. Medical resea   (more info - ellagic acid)

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emmenagogue
[n] any agent that promotes menstrual discharge

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Employee Engagement
An attachment or emotional connection that an employee feels toward the organization, which increases his or her willingness to support its goals, values, and mission - and the amount of effort and enthusiasm he or she is willing to put into the daily operations. This is closely related to OCBs (   (more info - Employee Engagement)

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Equine massage
A specialized area of massage therapy for horses. Equine massage may combine any of the following: Hydrotherapy, heat/cold, Kinesiology, Equine massage is employed to relax and settle horses, as well as to increase performance through improved mobility and range of motion, better blood flow, loo   (more info - Equine massage)

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fragrance oil
Fragrance oils are the synthetic equivalent of volatile oils. As such they do not have the therapeutic effect that is found with the natural oils. The scent does not last as long without the addition of extenders. There are some benefits to using fragrance oils over essential oils when the scen   (more info - fragrance oil)

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geophagy
Eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency.    (more info - geophagy)

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Guided Imagery (guided visualization)
See visualization.

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hemorrhagic (hemorrhage)
An area of internal bleeding where blood escapes from the blood vessels, often a large amount in a short time, within the body. Tends not to refer to bleeding which involves the loss of blood from the body entirely (for example from an injury to the skin, like a cut or gash).

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histamine antagonist (antihistamine)
A medicine used to treat allergies and hypersensitive reactions and colds; works by counteracting the production or effects of histamines in the inflammatory process, typically the effects on a receptor site. Antihistamines suppress the histamine-induced wheal response (swelling) and flare respon   (more info - histamine antagonist)

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hypermagnesemia
An electrolyte disturbance in which there is an abnormally elevated level of magnesium in the blood. Usually this results in excess of magnesium in the body.

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Lymph Drainage Therapy
A hands-on method for lymphatic drainage involving flat hands, utilising all of the fingers to simulate wave-like movements. This enables the practioner to feel the rhythm of the body fluids to determine the exact pressure, direction and rhythm needed.

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macrophage
A type of white blood cell that travels in the blood but can leave the bloodstream and enter tissue; like other leukocytes, it protects the body by digesting debris and foreign cells. They surround and kill microorganisms, removes dead cells, and stimulate the action of other immune system cells.   (more info - macrophage)

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magnesium
A light silver-white metallic element, malleable and ductile, quite permanent in dry air but tarnishing in moist air. In North America, most people are thought to be magnesium-deficient, with only about 1/3 of the population meeting the daily intake (with adult males needing 420mg/day and females   (more info - magnesium)

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magnesium sulphate (epsom salts)
Sulphate of magnesia has cathartic (laxative) qualities; taken orally, it is used as a laxative, and to treat heartburn and constipation. It is also injected to prevent seizures. In bath salts, magnesium sulfate is used to draw toxins out of the body and to reduce inflammation. The increase in io   (more info - magnesium sulphate)

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Manual Lymph Drainage
A method for lymphatic drainage involving flat hands, using all of the fingers to simulate wave-like movements. The results include reduction of certain types edema (those resulting from trauma and/or scarring).

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massage therapy (massage)
Massage Therapy involves the use of the practitioner's hands to manipulate the soft tissue and muscles of the client. These techniques are aimed at relieving tension, pain, spasms, stress, and to improve circulation. It is both relaxing and therapeutic. There are over eighty different re   (more info - massage therapy)

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mutagen (antimutagenic)
Mutagens are agents (physical or environmental) that can induce a genetic mutation (a permanent genetic change in a cell) or can increase the rate of mutation. Common mutagens include UV radiation, ethyl bromide and 5-Bromouracil. Compare with teratogen. Antimutagenic agents inhibit mutations.    (more info - mutagen)

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pellagra
Disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin). Symptoms include diarrhea, skin inflammation and dementia (brain disturbance); may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments.

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prostaglandins
A group of extremely active substances in the body that affect many organs. Certain prostaglandins have a role in stimulating the uterine contractions of labor and birth. Potent hormone-like substance found in many bodily tissues (and especially in semen); produced in response to trauma and may a   (more info - prostaglandins)

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Sialagogue
Stimulates the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands.

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stress reduction (stress management)
This is a broad category of options/treatments that range from counseling and life coaching, to massage therapy and remedies (homeopathic, naturopathic, herbal).

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Swedish Massage
Manipulation of the soft tissues of the body, including skin, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and fascia. Most often performed with oil. Techniques include stroking, vibrations, shaking, effleurage (light long strokes), petrissage (circular manipulation), tapotement (percussive techniqes) and rocking.   (more info - Swedish Massage)

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Thai Massage (thai yoga massage)
A combination of Yoga stretches, stimulation of the meridians -- Acupressure points, muscle massage, and Joint manipulation/stimulation. This type of massage is typically done on a mat on the floor, fully clothed, with no oil.    (more info - Thai Massage)

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trager
gentle, non-intrusive, natural movements to help release physical and mental patterns and facilitate deep relaxation, increased physical mobility, and mental clarity.

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