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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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b lymphocytes (b cells)
A lymphocyte produced by the bone marrow that provides humoral immunity (antibody production and the related processes); when stimulated by an antigen, becomes either a memory cell or a plasma cell that forms antibodies against that antigen. Part of the immune system. Compare T lymphocyte.   (more info - b lymphocytes)

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bach flower remedies
A very specific branch of herbal remedies focusing on 38 flowers or herbs to help heal fatigue and illness through the mind.   (more info - bach flower remedies)

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bacteria (bacterium)
A large group of single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; they are often considered plants. There are approximately ten times as many bacter   (more info - bacteria)

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Balance
A state of equilibrium; to hold or carry in equilibrium; to bring into balance or equilibrium; to be in equilibrium, e.g. "He was balancing on one foot". In biomechanics, balance is an ability to maintain the line of gravity (vertical line from centre of mass) of a body within the base of support   (more info - Balance)

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balms
any of various aromatic resinous substances used for healing and soothing semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation   (more info - balms)

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baroreflex (baroreceptor reflex)
One of the body's homeostatic mechanisms [see homeostasis] that helps to maintain blood pressure at nearly constant levels. The baroreflex provides a rapid negative feedback loop in which an elevated blood pressure reflexively causes the heart rate to decrease and also causing blood pressure to d   (more info - baroreflex)

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basic (alkaline)
Relating to or containing an alkali; "alkaline soils derived from chalk or limestone". A base; a compound whose water-based solutions have a pH higher than 7, a bitter taste, a slippery feel in water, turn red litmus paper blue, and can react with acids to form salts.

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bath
To immerse in a liquid, usually water or a blend of water and another substance. "Bath" as pertains to this site refers to both soaking your entire body, or only a portion thereof. For instance, a treatment may require you to treat only the affected part of your body with the prescribe   (more info - bath)

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bath salts
Bath salts extend the length of time the bath water will stay warm. Salts can be used alone or mixed with essential oils to add an additional dimension to the healing effects of the bath. Use either Epsom or Dead Sea salt for their therapeutic properties. Avoid table salt, rock salt, kosher sal   (more info - bath salts)

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beriberi
An acute disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by multiple inflammatory changes in the nerves. It produces great muscular debility, a painful rigidity of the limbs, and cachexy.

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Berry (berries)
A small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry, raspberry, or the coffee bean.);Any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves;To pick or gather berries; "We went berrying in the    (more info - Berry)

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beta carotene (beta-carotene)
A carotenoid pigment that gives a reddish color to plants such as carrots and tomatoes. It is often used as a vitamin supplement because the body can convert it into Vitamin A. Absorption efficiency is estimated to be between 9-22%. The absorption and conversion of carotenoids may depend on the f   (more info - beta carotene)

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bilirubin
an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice

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Bio-dynamic
The therapist works over the body and locates areas of blocked or depleted energy, by applying her hands to the client's body, and then corrects the imbalance.

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bioaccumulant
Substances in contaminated air, water, or food that increase in concentration in living organisms exposed to them because the substances are very slowly metabolised or excreted.

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Bioenergetic Intolerance Elimination (BIE)
Similar to NAET, BioEnergetic Intolerance Elimination (BIE), uses muscle testing (applied kinesiology) and elements of Traditional Chinese Medicine to clear energetic blockages causing sensitivities and allergens. Rather than using acupressure or acupuncture to clear the allergy as NAET does, BIE us   (more info - Bioenergetic Intolerance Elimination (BIE))

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biofeedback
A training program in which a person is given information about certain physiological processes (autonomic reactions such as heart rate, blood pressure, skin temperature and muscular tension) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them. It may employ techniques    (more info - biofeedback)

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bioflavonoids (flavonoids)
Any member of a group of plant pigments (polyphenols) found in many foods that are thought to help protect the body from cancer. Flavonoids are antioxidants, though in 2007 studies published out of the research at the Linus Pauling Institute showed that they are not easily absorbed by the human body   (more info - bioflavonoids)

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biosynchronous
In accordance with the body's circadian rhythm.

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biotin
Another of the Vitamin B set, a cofactor required by enzymes to carry carbon and oxygen between cells (carboxylation reactions). It is necessary to metabolize fat and carbohydrates.   (more info - biotin)

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Bipolar Disorder (bipolar affective disorder)
A mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Formerly called: manic depression. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity or whether there is psychosis. During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic   (more info - Bipolar Disorder)

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bisphenol a (bpa)
A chemical that is used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins to make these high-performance materials more durable, transparent and resistant to shattering. BPA-based plastic is clear and tough, and is used to make a variety of common consumer goods (such as water bottles,   (more info - bisphenol a)

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bisphenol S (bps)
An organic compound with the formula (C6H4OH)2SO2, used in the manufacture of plastics and resins. It is often used as a substitute for the chemical bisphenol A, which is a known endocrine disruptor, but it also disrupts hormone activity.

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blemish
a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"

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blood pressure
The pressure of the blood in the main arteries which rises and falls as the muscles of the body cope with varying demands (e.g. exercise, stress, sleep); results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart. There are two types of pressure that are measured: 1) systolic pressure, created b   (more info - blood pressure)

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Body dysmorphic disorder (bdd)
A psychological disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with imaginary defects in their appearance. Also called "dysmorphic syndrome", body dysmorphia (BDD) is a somatoform disorder, wherein the affected person is afflicted with excessive concern about and preoccupation with a perceived defec   (more info - Body dysmorphic disorder)

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body mass index (bmi)
A number, derived by using height and weight measurements, that gives a general indication of whether or not weight falls within a healthy range.

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bone density (bone mineral density)
The strength and density of bones; often used to determine the risk of developing osteoporosis and fracture risk. Bone density (or bone mineral density) is the amount of bone tissue (mineral matter) in a certain volume of bone. It can be measured using a special x-ray called a quantitative comput   (more info - bone density)

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bowen technique
A gentle soft-tissue manipulation that stimulates the circulation of blood and lymph.

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bradycardia
Bradycardia is an abnormally slow heart rate. In healthy adults, the normal resting heart rate is about 70-80 beats per minute (athletes often have resting heart rates in the 60s and sometimes lower). In newborn babies, the normal heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute.

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Breast cancer
Cancer of the breast; one of the most common malignancies in women in the US. Risk factors for developing breast cancer include obesity, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, early age at first menstruation, and having child   (more info - Breast cancer)

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breast milk (breastfeeding)
The secretion of milk from the mammary glands for the purpose of nursing offspring. All female mammals are able to feed their newborn young in this manner. Babies have a sucking reflex that enables them to suck and swallow milk. Many specialists recommend mothers exclusively breastfeed for six mo   (more info - breast milk)

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BRLS
Bachelor of Recreation and Leisure Studies

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bronchitis (chest cold)
Inflammation (swelling and reddening) of the bronchi and the membranes lining the bronchial tubes, typically causes bronchospasm and coughing. Bronchitis is divided into two types: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is also known as a chest cold.    (more info - bronchitis)

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Brown adipose tissue (brown fat)
Dark-colored adipose tissue with many blood vessels, involved in the rapid production of heat in hibernating animals and human babies. Its primary function is to generate body heat in animals or newborns that do not shiver. In contrast to white adipocytes (fat cells), which contain a single lipid   (more info - Brown adipose tissue)

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BRSS
Bachelor of Recreation and Sport Studies

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bruises
A bruise or contusion is a traumatic injury of the soft tissues which results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. In the skin it can be seen as a reddish-purple discoloration which does not blanch when pressed upon. When it fades it becomes green and brown as the bod   (more info - bruises)

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BST
Certified BodyScan Technician

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Bullying
The act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something; to be noisily domineering, tending to browbeat others. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse. See also workplace bullying. A bullying culture can develop in any context in which human beings int   (more info - Bullying)

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buteyko
Changing your patterns of breathing in the management of asthma and other respiratory ailments.

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Cognitive training (brain training)
Also called: Brain fitness. The the capacity of a person to meet the various cognitive demands of life. Brain fitness can be developed by formal education, being actively mentally engaged in life, continuing to learn, and exercises designed to challenge cognitive skills. Healthy lifestyle habi   (more info - Cognitive training)

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Fracture (broken bone)
A fracture is the breakage of a bone or cartilage. Fractures are also named by the trauma event that caused the bone breakage. A bone fracture can be the result of high force impact or stress, or a minimal trauma injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as oste   (more info - Fracture)

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Grief (bereavement)
Intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death); something that causes great unhappiness ("her death was a great grief to John"); physical pain, or a cause of it (malady). Grief is a natural response to loss. It is the emotional suffering one feels when something or someone the   (more info - Grief)

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Lycine (betaine)
Betaine is a nitrogenous base, (C5H11NO2), produced artificially, and also occurring naturally in beet-root molasses and its residues, from which it is extracted as a white crystalline substance; -- called also lycine and oxyneurine. It has a sweetish taste. Lycine is a weak base identical with b   (more info - Lycine)

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pesticides (biopesticides)
Pesticides are chemicals used to kill unwanted organisms such as rats, insects, fungi, nematodes, etc. Pesticides often act as nerve poisons, and they are hazardous to animals and humans (some pesticides can cause nerve or liver damage, birth defects and cancer). Biopesticides are pesticides that   (more info - pesticides)

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Swiss ball (balance ball)
Also known as: pilates ball, exercise ball, physio ball, and body ball. They are constructed of elastic soft PVC with a typical diameter between 35 to 85 centimeters (14 to 34 inches) and filled with air. The air pressure is changed by removing a valve stem and either filling with air or letting    (more info - Swiss ball)

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tetrahydrobiopterin (bh4)
A naturally occurring essential cofactor of the three aromatic amino acid hydroxylase enzymes. It is used in breaking down the amino acid phenylalanine and in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitters: serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), melatonin, dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and   (more info - tetrahydrobiopterin)

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Thrombus (blood clot)
Blood clot: A gelatinous or semisolid mass of coagulated red and white blood cells; the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis (the process which causes bleeding to stop). Thrombus: a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin. There    (more info - Thrombus)

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Transcranial stimulation (brain stimulation)
For most people the term "Brain Stimulation" is associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) but, newer brain stimulating technologies have been developed in recent years. These newer techniques do not have the cognitive side-effects associated with ECT and which do not require anesthesia. Mod   (more info - Transcranial stimulation)

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Traumatic brain injury (brain injury)
Damage to brain tissue occuring when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head injury usually refers to TBI,    (more info - Traumatic brain injury)

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These definitions are not intended as a standalone reference guide; they are linked from other pages for the convenience of the users of this site.

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Please consult a qualified health practitioner before taking any course of action.
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