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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

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3,3'-Diindolylmethane (diindolylmethane)
A phytochemical compound derived from the digestion of indole-3-carbinol, found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage and kale. The reputation of Brassica vegetables as healthy foods rests in part on the activities of diindolylmethane. Its benefits include: cytosta   (more info - 3,3'-Diindolylmethane)

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daidzein
An isoflavonoid derived from soy products having antitumoral properties. It is one of the phytoestrogens along with genistein, seen to have favourable effects on breast cancer, osteoporosis, and menopause-related issues. Excessive dosages of all phytoestrogens may have negative repercussions inc   (more info - daidzein)

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Daylight savings time (daylight savings)
Also known as: Summer time. The time during which clocks are set one hour ahead of local standard time; widely adopted during summer to provide extra daylight in the evenings. Typically, in the fall, the clocks are then set back to allow for the additional hours of light in the morning. DST ha   (more info - Daylight savings time)

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DC
Doctor of Chiropractic

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DCH
Diploma in Classical Homeopathy Vancouver Homeopathic Academy (4 Year Programme)

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deafness
Partial or complete loss of hearing. Excessive noise, smoking and physical damage are among the potential causes.   (more info - deafness)

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decoctions
1. the act or process of boiling anything in a watery fluid to extract its virtues. 2. an extract got from a body by boiling it in water. in pharmacy decoction is opposed to infusion, where there is merely steeping. --latham.   (more info - decoctions)

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Deep Muscle Therapy
Works to stimulate the lymphatic and circulatory systems to promote cellular repair while removing the hazardous toxins. Aimed at correcting and preventing serious muscle conditions, such as Multiple Sclerosis, Muscular Dystrophy, and Parkinson's.

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Deep Tissue
A phrase which indicates client-directed area-specific massage, as opposed to relaxation massage. Little or no oils are used to promote access to the deeper muscular and fascial structures, below the surface.

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dehydroepiandrosterone (dhea)
A steroid hormone made by the adrenal glands, gonads, and the brain that acts on the body much like testosterone and is converted into testosterone and estrogen. It is also available as a nutritional supplement. The body's production of DHEA declines with age, particularly after menopause. DHEA a   (more info - dehydroepiandrosterone)

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Delirium
A usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations; a state of violent mental agitation. Delirium itself is not a disease, but rather a clinical syndrome (a set of symptoms), which results from an underlying disease, from medications administered during trea   (more info - Delirium)

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Demand/control model
The Demand/control model was posited by Karasek and Theorell in 1990. It states that a combination of high psychological demands and low control over ones job ('high strain' jobs) leads to mental and physical illnesses, while a combination of high psychological demands and high job control ('activ   (more info - Demand/control model)

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dementia
Mental deterioration of organic or functional origin. Dementia is not a single disease, but a non-specific syndrome (i.e., set of signs and symptoms). It involves the loss of intellectual functions, (such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning) of sufficient severity to interfere within an indiv   (more info - dementia)

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demulcent
1. Relieving inflammation or irritation; 2. A substance that relieves irritation of the mucous membranes in the mouth by forming a protective film; 3. [adj] having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin. A demulcent is a medication, usually of a mucilaginous or oily nature (i   (more info - demulcent)

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Dental Caries (cavity)
A soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth. An infection, bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin and cementum). Cariology is the study of dental caries.    (more info - Dental Caries)

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deoxyribonucleic acid (dna)
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of a cell and consisting of a polymer formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules". DNA is the material which carries the hereditary instructions (the "blueprint"   (more info - deoxyribonucleic acid)

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depressant
[n] a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person [adj] capable of depressing physiological or psychological activity or response by a chemical agent

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depression
1. Pushing down; "depression of the space bar on the typewriter"; 2. Sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; 3. A mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity; 4. A state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical interven   (more info - depression)

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dermatitis
inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters

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Dermcidin
Dermcidin is an anti-microbial protein that is secreted by human sweat glands and subsequently processed into mature peptides of distinct biological activities.

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detoxification (detox)
Detoxification (sometimes "detox") is the process of removing harmful agents from the body. Our livers, intestines, kidneys, and even skin have all evolved to remove toxins from our systems. The pursuit of external methods of detoxification has resulted from awareness that the amount of toxins f   (more info - detoxification (detox))

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dextrorotatory
Rotating to the right; clockwise. Turning, or causing to turn, toward the right hand; esp., turning the plane of polarization of luminous rays toward the right hand; as, dextrorotatory crystals, sugars, etc. Opposite: levorotatory.

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dextrose
A six-carbon monosaccharide which is the major sugar in the blood and is an important intermediate molecule in metabolic processes. It is often given intravenously to replenish fluids and provide nutrients.   (more info - dextrose)

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DHANP
Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians

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DHM
Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine British Institute of Homoeopathy (Postgraduate course)

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DHM (Pract)
Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine, Practitioner Level British Institute of Homoeopathy (Postgraduate course)

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DHMS
Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Science Homeopathic College of Canada

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DHom
Diploma in Homeopathy

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DHom (UK)
Advanced Diploma in Homoeopathy School of Homoeopathy (3 Year Programme, England)

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DHt
Diplomate of Homeotheraputics (MDs & DOs)

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diabetes mellitus (diabetes)
1. A disease associated with the absence or reduced levels of insulin, a hormone essential for the transport of glucose to cells, resulting in high blood sugar. 2. Failure of the pancreas to produce insulin or the cells to respond to insulin, which controls sugar metabolism; has a complex genetic   (more info - diabetes mellitus)

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Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (dbt)
A form of psychotherapy originally developed to treat people with borderline personality disorder (BPD). It was formulated by Marsha M. Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) combines standard cognitive-behavioral techniques (CBT) fo   (more info - Dialectical Behavioral Therapy)

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diaphoretic
A substance used to produce perspiration. Diaphoretics differ from sudorifics; the former only increase the insensible perspiration, the latter excite the sensible discharge called sweat. Diaphoresis is the medical term for profuse sweating or perspiring. It is commonly associated with shock and    (more info - diaphoretic)

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diarrhoea (diarrhea)
Frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor.

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Dietary supplement (supplement)
To add as a supplement to what seems insufficient, e.g. "supplement your diet"; to serve as a supplement to e.g. "Vitamins supplemented his meager diet". Nutritionally, dietary supplements refer to a substance such as a vitamin pill, fiber solution, or herbal extract that is consumed in addition    (more info - Dietary supplement)

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dietitian
This term is protected by law, whether or not the prefix "Registered" accompanies it. Only members of the provincial regulatory bodies Associations can use the term and the designations RDN, RD, PDt, RDt, or Dt.P. (See Accreditation.) Dietitians require a master's or bachelor'   (more info - dietitian)

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DIHom
Diploma in Homoeopathy British Institute of Homoeopathy (Entry level course)

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DIHom (Pract)
Diploma in Homoeopathy, Practitioner Level British Institute of Homoeopathy

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dioxin
Any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides. Dioxins are known to cause skin diseases (chloracne), birth defects, miscarriages, and cancer. Dioxins are a family of over 200 chlorinated organic chemicals (all heterocyclic hydrocarbons). The term is most   (more info - dioxin)

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dispersant
An oil used with essential oils to disperse them across the surface of the bath water. This prevents your skin from coming into contact with a concentrated area of essential oils (which can be harmful depending on the oil used) and it also allows the oils to be distributed across the entire surface   (more info - dispersant)

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distillations
1. [n] the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors 2. [n] a purified liquid produced by condensation from a vapor during distilling; the product of distilling

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diuretic
Any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine; a medication that lowers blood pressure. In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, and certain kidney diseases. Some diuretics, such as acetazolamide, help to make the urine more alkaline and are    (more info - diuretic)

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Diverticulitis
Inflammation of a diverticulum (see diverticulosis) in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever, constipation, and sometimes fever. Patients often present with the classic triad of left lower quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis (an eleva   (more info - Diverticulitis)

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Diverticulosis (diverticular disease)
Diverticulosis is the condition of the existence of diverticula, small pouches formed at weak points in the muscular coat of the digestive tract (especially the colon). Not to be confused with diverticulitis.    (more info - Diverticulosis)

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DO
Doctor of Osteopathy

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docosahexaenoic acid (dha)
An omega-3 fatty acid that is a primary structural component of the human brain and retina. Cold-water oceanic fish oils are rich in DHA. Most of the DHA in fish and complex organisms with access to cold-water oceanic foods originates from eating microalgae, and becomes increasingly concentrated    (more info - docosahexaenoic acid)

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Docosapentaenoic acid (dpa)
Any straight chain 22:5 essential fatty acid (omega-3 fatty acid), including clupanodonic acid and osbond acid. Clupanodonic acid is an intermediary between eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Seal oil is a rich source. In mammals, deficiency of clupanodonic acid is accomp   (more info - Docosapentaenoic acid)

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dopamine
A monoamine neurotransmitter found in the nervous system and brain, where it is essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system, such as regulating movement, balance, and walking. As a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension. Dopamine    (more info - dopamine)

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Doula
A (birth) doula, also known as a labour coach, is a nonmedical person who assists a woman (and her partner and/or family) before, during, or after childbirth, by providing information, physical assistance, and emotional support. Of late, the term "death doula" has become popular for those who ass   (more info - Doula)

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Drum circle (drumming circle)
A drum circle is any group of people playing (usually) hand-drums and percussion in a circle. They are distinct from a drumming group or troupe in that the drum circle is an end in itself rather than preparation for a performance. Drum circles can range in size from a handful of players to circle   (more info - Drum circle)

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drupe
A fleshy fruit with a single seed. E.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube. Compare berry.

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DSHom
Diploma of The School of Homoeopathy School of Homoeopathy (4 Year Part-time Attendance Programme)

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DSHomMed
Diploma of the School of Homeopathic Medicine Toronto School of Homeopathic Medicine (3 Year Programme)

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duodenal ulcer
an ulcer in the first part of the small intestine, usually caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

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DVM
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

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dyslexia
Dyslexia is a learning disorder; specifically, it means an anomalous approach to processing information resulting in an inability to read properly. People are diagnosed as dyslexic when their reading problems can't be explained by lack of intellectual ability, or by inadequate instruction, or by sen   (more info - dyslexia)

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Eczema (dermatitis)
A generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages. A noncontagious skin condition where red and itchy blisters appear, then crusty and thickened skin. The condition can be acute (occurs suddenly and once) or chronic (is present for a long time   (more info - Eczema)

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hydration (dehydration)
Hydration: Combining with water. Dehydration: Dryness resulting from the removal of water; the process of extracting moisture; depletion of bodily fluids. "Dehydration" is often used in clinical practice to indicate the combined loss of both water and sodium. Many physiologists would have prefer   (more info - hydration)

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