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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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antifungal (fungicidal)
Any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi or their spores. Because certain fungi can break down manufactured materials and buildings, damage crops, and/or become significant pathogens of humans and other animals, methods for inhibiting their growth have been developed for commercial   (more info - antifungal)

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Antipyretic (febrifuge)
Any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever. These work by causing the hypothalamus to override an interleukin-induced increase in temperature. The body then works to lower the temperature, resulting in a reduction in fever. Common antipyretics are acetylsalicylic acid   (more info - Antipyretic)

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bioflavonoids (flavonoids)
Any member of a group of plant pigments (polyphenols) found in many foods that are thought to help protect the body from cancer. Flavonoids are antioxidants, though in 2007 studies published out of the research at the Linus Pauling Institute showed that they are not easily absorbed by the human body   (more info - bioflavonoids)

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Fall (falling)
A sudden drop from an upright position; "he had a nasty spill on the ice". Falling is the second leading cause of accidental death worldwide and is a major cause of personal injury, especially for the elderly. Falls in older adults are an important class of preventable injuries, and nearly one-th   (more info - Fall)

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farnesol
A sesquiterpene used as a flavouring agent (food additive) found in bitter orange, ginger, jasmine, hops, beets and juniper. Additionally, Farnesol is a natural pesticide for mites, as it is a component in the chemicals the female uses to attract the males, and when combined with Nerolidol confuses   (more info - farnesol)

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Fascia (fasciitis)
Sheet of thick-fiber tissue which surrounds the body beneath the skin. Fascia is a fibrous membrane of connective tissue (tissue that is not part of an organ, but supports and binds organs and other tissues) surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, organs, and nerves. Inflammation of    (more info - Fascia)

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fatigue
Exhaust or tire though overuse or great strain or stress; "We wore ourselves out on this hike";Temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work; "he was hospitalized for extreme fatigue"; "growing fatigue was apparent from the decline in the execution of their athlet   (more info - fatigue)

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fatty acids (fats)
Fats are one of three nutrients that supply calories to the body. A triglyceride (lipid) that is usually solid at room temperature. Fatty acids 1. A major component of fats that are used by the body for energy and tissue development. They form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from f   (more info - fatty acids)

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FBIH
Fellow British Institute of Homoeopathy

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FCAH
Fellow Canadian Academy of Homeopathy

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febrile
Of or relating to or characterized by fever; "a febrile reaction caused by an allergen".

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Fecal microbiota transplantation (fecal bacteriotherapy)
The process of transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy individual into a recipient. A limited number of studies have shown it to be an effective treatment for patients suffering from Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), which produces effects ranging from diarrhea to pseudomembranous c   (more info - Fecal microbiota transplantation)

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Fermentation (ferment)
A chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances: A process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances, especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into acids, gases, and/or alcohol. Also: a substance capable of bringing abou   (more info - Fermentation)

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Ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (frap)
An antioxidant capacity measurement. The FRAP assay is often used to measure the antioxidant capacity of foods, beverages and nutritional supplements containing polyphenols.

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fertility (infertility)
1. The property of producing abundantly and sustaining growth ("he praised the richness of the soil");2. the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;3. the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year. Human fertility depend   (more info - fertility)

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fibre (fiber)
1. One of the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and animals are in part constituted; as, the fiber of flax or of muscle. 2. Any fine, slender thread, or threadlike substance; as, a fiber of spun glass; especially, one of the slender rootlets of a plant. 3. Sinew; strengt   (more info - fibre)

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fibrinolysis
A normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots.

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fibroids (leiomyomas)
Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours which grow on the smooth muscle layer of the uterus. They can consist of the muscle cells, collagen, proteoglycan, and fibronectin. As many as 80% of all women will have fibroids during their thirties and forties, and for the vast majority of these women, they    (more info - fibroids)

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fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and allodynia (a heightened and painful response to pressure in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues). Fibromyalgia has also been linked to joint stiffness, fatigue, sleep problems, headaches, depres   (more info - fibromyalgia)

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fibrosis
Growth of dense, firm scar tissue (excess fibrous connective tissue) in an organ in response to previous tissue damage or disease due to infection, inflammation, injury, or even healing. This is as opposed to formation of fibrous tissue as a normal constituent of an organ or tissue. Scarring is con   (more info - fibrosis)

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FIS
Fitness Instructor Specialist, Certified and administered by CanFitPro.   (more info - FIS)

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Fisetic acid (fisetin)
A yellow crystalline substance extracted from fustet, and regarded as its essential coloring principle. Fisetin is a flavonol, a structurally distinct chemical substance that belongs to the flavonoid group of polyphenols. Possible anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-viral propert   (more info - Fisetic acid)

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fitness
The condition of being suitable; the quality of being qualified; good physical condition; being in shape or in condition. Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations. Physical fitness is generally ach   (more info - fitness)

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Flexible (flexibility)
Limberness or the property of being able to bend and snap back readily without breaking; able to flex; able to bend easily. Internally, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments can affect one's flexibility; externally, anything from the weather outside to the age of the performer can affect flexib   (more info - Flexible)

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floral water
True floral waters are the waters that remain after a heat-distillation of volatile oils. However, the label "floral water" is sometimes used to denote water that has been blended with essential oils or even fragrance oils (synthetic). Be sure to ask your vendor how their floral wate   (more info - floral water)

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flu (influenza)
An acute febrile, highly contagious viral disease. Influenza is an epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever. Commonly called "the flu", influenza is a virus that infects the respiratory tract and may   (more info - flu)

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fluoride (fluorine)
A nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite. Fluoride is a binary compound found in nature of fluorine with another element or radical; a salt of hydrofl   (more info - fluoride)

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folate
A vitamin in the B complex (B9) found in legumes, organ meats, fresh green vegetables and is synthesized by certain nonpathogenic bacteria that live in the human intestine. This nutrient is used by the body to synthesize DNA, build fetal tissue (during pregnancy), and healing wounds. Because it i   (more info - folate)

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folic acid
The synthetic form of folate. Because of the difference in bioavailability between supplemented folic acid and the different forms of folate found in food, the dietary folate equivalent (DFE) system was established. 1 DFE is defined as 1 μg of dietary folate, or 0.6 μg of folic acid    (more info - folic acid)

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fomentation
A piece of soft cloth or linen soaked in an herbal preparation and applied warm to a wound or affected area. See also: poultice, tourniquet

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food therapy
see Nutritional Therapy.

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Forest bathing (shinrin-yoku)
Also called "forest medicine", forest bathing involves a short, leisurely visit to a forest and is regarded as being similar to natural aromatherapy. It has become a recognized relaxation and/or stress management activity in Japan. The trip is designed for relaxation and recreation while breathin   (more info - Forest bathing)

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Fracture (broken bone)
A fracture is the breakage of a bone or cartilage. Fractures are also named by the trauma event that caused the bone breakage. A bone fracture can be the result of high force impact or stress, or a minimal trauma injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as oste   (more info - Fracture)

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fragrance oil
Fragrance oils are the synthetic equivalent of volatile oils. As such they do not have the therapeutic effect that is found with the natural oils. The scent does not last as long without the addition of extenders. There are some benefits to using fragrance oils over essential oils when the scen   (more info - fragrance oil)

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free radicals (reactive oxygen species)
Free radicals are atoms or or electrically neutral molecules that have one or more unpaired electrons in their outer orbital. They are unstable and react quickly with other atoms and molecules; because of this, they can cause damage to living tissues. Reactive oxygen species are a form of highly    (more info - free radicals)

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fructose
A type of sugar found in many fruits and vegetables and in honey. Fructose is used to sweeten some diet foods. It is considered a "nutritive sweetener" because it has calories.

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FSHomMed
Fellow Toronto School of Homeopathic Medicine (4 year Programme)

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fungus (fungi)
Any of a major group (Fungi) of saprophytic and parasitic spore-producing organisms usually classified as plants that lack chlorophyll and include molds, rusts, mildews, smuts, mushrooms, and yeasts. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, Fungi, which is separate from plants, animals, and bact   (more info - fungus)

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Furanic compounds (furan)
A colorless, flammable, highly volatile liquid with a boiling point close to room temperature. It is soluble in common organic solvents, including alcohol, ether and acetone, but is slightly soluble in water. It is toxic and may be carcinogenic. Furan is used as a starting point to other specialty c   (more info - Furanic compounds)

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hyperopia (farsightedness)
A condition in which parallel light rays are focused behind the retina of the eye, causing nearby objects to seem blurry while faraway objects are clearer. As the condition worsens, objects at all distances may be blurred. Other symptoms may include headaches and eye strain. People with hyperopia   (more info - hyperopia)

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steatohepatitis (fatty liver)
Yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver; can be caused by alcoholic cirrhosis or pregnancy or exposure to certain toxins. FLD is a reversible condition where large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of ste   (more info - steatohepatitis)

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Syncope (fainting)
Spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the entire brain, usually from low blood pressure. Also known as fainting, passing out, and swooning, is defined as a short loss of consciousness and muscle strength, characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneo   (more info - Syncope)

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