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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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Coronary Artery Disease (ischemic heart disease)
A type of heart disease where narrowing, hardening (sclerosis) or blockage of one or more of the coronary arterial walls that results in decreased blood supply to the heart (ischemia); a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls. Complications includ   (more info - Coronary Artery Disease)

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fertility (infertility)
1. The property of producing abundantly and sustaining growth ("he praised the richness of the soil");2. the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;3. the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year. Human fertility depend   (more info - fertility)

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flu (influenza)
An acute febrile, highly contagious viral disease. Influenza is an epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever. Commonly called "the flu", influenza is a virus that infects the respiratory tract and may   (more info - flu)

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immune system (immune response)
A system (including the thymus, bone marrow, and lymphatic system) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response. When a human or animal body which is able to resist infectious disease because of either previous infection, immunization/va   (more info - immune system)

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Immunotherapy (immune therapy)
Treatent of disease that uses the body's natural defenses, either directly or indirectly, through inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response. Is is used to fight cancer and other disease, to lessen allergies, or to lessen side effects that may be caused by some treatments (e.g. cancer).    (more info - Immunotherapy)

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incontinence (incontinent)
Literally, the incapacity to hold; hence, incapacity to hold back or restrain; the quality or state of being incontinent; want of continence; failure to restrain the passions or appetites; indulgence of lust; lewdness. The inability of any of the animal organs to restrain the natural evacuations, so   (more info - incontinence)

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An aromatic heterocyclic organic compound that smells floral at low concentrations, fecal at high concentrations. It is a constituent of many flower scents (such as orange blossoms and jasmine) and perfumes. It also occurs in coal tar.

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Invasion of the body by microorganisms that cause disease; growth of a disease-causing organism within the body. Infections are caused by microorganisms such as viruses, prions, bacteria, and viroids, and larger organisms like macroparasites and fungi. Hosts fight infections using their immune sy   (more info - infection)

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inflammation (inflammatory process)
The characteristic reaction of tissues to injury, disease, foreign particles, and noxious stimuli, resulting in redness, swelling, heat, and pain. Without inflammation, wounds and infections would never heal. Similarly, progressive destruction of the tissue would compromise the survival of the or   (more info - inflammation)

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inflammatory (anti-inflammatory)
Inflammatory: characterized or caused by inflammation; e.g. "an inflammatory process"; "an inflammatory response" Anti-inflammatory: intended to reduce inflammation (the characteristic reaction of tissues to injury or disease marked by four signs: swelling, redness, heat, and pain).    (more info - inflammatory)

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Inflammatory bowel disease (ibd)
A group of long-lasting inflammatory conditions that cause irritation and ulcers in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, particularly the colon and small intestine. The most common disorders are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Other (less common) forms of IBD include: Collagenous colitis, Lym   (more info - Inflammatory bowel disease)

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1. (a) the act or process of steeping or soaking any substance in water in order to extract its virtues. (b) the liquid extract obtained by this process. 2. a method of putting fluids, including drugs, into the bloodstream. also called intravenous infusion.   (more info - infusion)

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A simple carbohydrate (alcohol) that occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a component of the vitamin B complex. It is produced by the human body from glucose and helps prevent the accumulation of fat in the liver (maintains adequate HDL cholesterol), as well as aiding in the detoxification of me   (more info - inositol)

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A peptide hormone secreted by the pancreas (specifically the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas) that regulates the level of sugar in the blood.

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insulin resistance syndrome (metabolic syndrome)
A collection of metabolic abnormalities and risk factors in one individual, including insulin resistance, high blood levels of triglycerides, low blood levels of HDL-cholesterol, and obesity. This syndrome increases the risk of chronic diseases such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, and diab   (more info - insulin resistance syndrome)

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Integrative Manual Therapy
Practitioners use advanced and gentle palpation techniques to "listen" with their hands to locate and address specific issues in muscles, joint biomechanics, bones, organs, circulatory, lymphatics, immune, connective tissue, nervous systems, and the bio-energy field.

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Integrative medicine (integrative health)
An approach to health care that combines mainstream (Western) medical treatments with natural or traditional therapies such as massage therapy, acupuncture, supplements, herbal remedies, stress reduction, etc. It places an emphasis on the whole patient, including the psycho-social elements, and p   (more info - Integrative medicine)

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Internal Responsibility System (IRS)
The Internal Responsibility System consists of the legal obligations of employers, employees, and supervisors working together to ensure safety. Anyone who sees a dangerous situation or condition has a specific role in preventing negative outcomes: The employees and supervisors have an obligation t   (more info - Internal Responsibility System (IRS))

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Interval training
Physical training consisting of alternating periods of high- and low-intensity activity (exercise) interspersed with rest or relief periods. The high-intensity periods are typically at or close to anaerobic exercise, while the recovery periods involve activity of lower intensity. The main aim is    (more info - Interval training)

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A starchy carbohydrate (a group of polysaccharides actually) found in the roots and rhizomes of some plants which converts to the sugar levulose when it is mixed with oxygen and water. Inulin is used in tests which measure kidney function, and it is used as a substitute starch in foods (esp. brea   (more info - inulin)

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A nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens, used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic. Iodine occurs naturally only in combination, as in the iodides, in small quantities    (more info - Iodine)

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A heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; and it also plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood. Iron forms complexes with molecular oxygen in hemoglobin and myoglobin; these two compounds are   (more info - iron)

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irradiation (radiation)
Irradiate: to expose to radiation. Radiation: 1. The act of spreading outward from a central source; 2. Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles; 3. The spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay; 4. The treat   (more info - irradiation)

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (ibs)
Recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress. Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional disorder of abdominal pain, altered bowel habits (a tendency to overactivity of the bowel emptying activity), and stool    (more info - Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

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Decreased flow of oxygenated blood to an organ due to obstruction in an artery; local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction, congestion, thrombosis or embolism. The restriction in blood supply to tissues causes a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular m   (more info - Ischemia)

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A class of antioxidant phytochemicals (plant chemicals) found in soy, red clover, and other plants. These phytonutrients often mimic estrogen, (phytoestrogen) and must be used with care by people with estrogen sensitivities.   (more info - isoflavones)

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A family of compounds derived from horseradish, radishes, and mustards. It is the source of the hotness of those plants and preparations. Isothiocyanates, such as phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) and sulforaphane, have been shown to inhibit carcinogenesis and tumorigenesis and as such are useful    (more info - Isothiocyanate)

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sleeplessness (insomnia)
The inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired. Insomnia is chronic sleeplessness, a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or nonrestorative sleep (sleep of poor quality). It is most often thought of as both a sign and a symptom that can ac   (more info - sleeplessness)

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terpenoids (isoprenoid)
A class of hydrocarbons occurring in many higher plants. Sometimes called isoprenoids, terpenoids are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals similar to terpenes. These lipids can be found in all classes of living things, and are the largest group of natural products.    (more info - terpenoids)

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