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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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myopia (nearsightedness)
A condition in which parallel light rays are focused in front of the retina of the eye, causing far objects to be blurry while near objects are seen more clearly. This is caused by an elongated shape of the eye along the anterior-posterior axis. Images are focused in front of the retina instead o   (more info - myopia)

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Nambudripad Allergy Elimination Technique (naet)
Nambudripad's Allergy Elimination Technique is an alternative health treatment for allergies and sensitivities. The therapy combines acupuncture or acupressure while the client holds a minute amount of the allergen (usually encased in a vial) to remove reactions to foods and other elements. This    (more info - Nambudripad Allergy Elimination Technique)

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nap (napping)
A short sleep (usually not in bed); a period of time spent sleeping: "he felt better after a little sleep"; to take a siesta. A nap is a short period of sleep, typically taken during daylight hours as an adjunct to the usual nocturnal sleep period. Naps are most often taken as a response to drows   (more info - nap)

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naturopathic (naturopathy)
medical practice that uses herbs and various methods to return the body to a healthy state by stimulating innate defenses, never supplanting them with drugs.

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ND
Naturopathic Doctor - Registered Naturopathic Doctors are required to complete three years of pre-medical studies at a recognized university followed by four years of full-time naturopathic training at an approved college.

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neoplastic (neoplasm)
1. A new, abnormal growth. 2. A growth of abnormal cells that reproduce faster than normal; they create an unstructured mass (a tumor) which can be either benign or cancerous.

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nerol
A colourless liquid (a primary alcohol) with a rose scent. It is a constituent of attar of roses, oil of orange blossoms and oil of lavender.

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nerolidol
A sesquiterpene sometimes used as a flavouring agent (food additive). Nerolidol is naturally found in neroli, ginger, jasmine, lavender, Tea Tree and lemon grass. It is woody, green-like, reminiscent of fresh bark. Additionally, Nerolidol is a natural pesticide for mites. It is a component in   (more info - nerolidol)

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nervine
an agent that calms or strengthens the nerves

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Nervous system
The sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells. The nervous system is the body tissue that records and distributes information in the body using electrical and chemical transmission. It has two parts. The "central" nervous system (CNS) is comprised of the brain and spinal c   (more info - Nervous system)

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Neti (jala neti)
Neti is a component of the full Yogic (see yoga) system. It entails cleansing the nasal passages to allow better breathing and breathwork. Cleansing is done through the pouring of saline water through the nasal passages, which are then dried by quick, short, intense breaths. Two techniques are   (more info - Neti)

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neuralgia
Neuralgia is the sudden and recurrent attacks of spasms and pain, of short duration, in the distribution of the nerve fibers. It is often triggered by the stimulation of a trigger zone.

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neuroendocrine
Of or relating to the nervous and endocrine systems (especially as they function together). Describes the production of hormone-like substances by neurons or neuron-like cells and the way the nervous system and the endocrine system work together.

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Neurofeedback (neurotherapy)
A type of biofeedback that uses realtime displays of electroencephalography (EEG) or hemoencephalography (HEG) to illustrate brain activity and teach self-regulation. EEG neurofeedback uses sensors that are placed on the scalp to measure brain waves, while HEG neurofeedback uses infrared (IR) sensor   (more info - Neurofeedback)

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neurohormone
Any hormone produced and released by neurons (neurosecretory cells) rather than of the endocrine system. Examples include oxytocin, melatonin and vasopressin. Neurohormones are released by nerve impulses and constitute a linkage between sensory stimuli and chemical responses.   (more info - neurohormone)

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Neuromuscular Integration and Structural
NISA works to stretch, free and soften the body's fascia in order to restore function to muscle and joints as the layers of fascia regain their elasticity.

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Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT)
Assessment and treatment of Postural Distortions, Biomechanical Dysfunction, and the Soft Tissue causes of these conditions.

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neurotransmitter
Chemicals that act as messengers between cells in the brain and nervous system; they transmit impulses across the gap from a neuron to another neuron, a muscle, or a gland. Specifically, they are chemicals, such as acetylcholine, released from the axon of one neuron that then binds to a specific    (more info - neurotransmitter)

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niacin (vitamin b3)
A B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. Specifically, it is necessary for the synthesis of various enzymes and acts to reduce blood cholesterol. Niacin is actually a pair of nutrients - nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. It helps maintains   (more info - niacin)

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nicotinamide (niacinamide)
Also known as nicotinic acid amide, nicotinamide is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the vitamin B group, and a component of niacin (vitamin B3). Nicotinic acid (niacin) is converted to nicotinamide in vivo (in the body). While the two are identical in their vitamin functions, nicotinamide   (more info - nicotinamide)

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nicotine
A physically addictive, acutely toxic alkaloid that occurs in tobacco; it is used in medicine and as an insecticide. Nicotine is a colorless, transparent, oily liquid, having an acrid odor, and an acrid burning taste.

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nitric oxide
1. A colorless toxic gas formed in many reactions in which nitric acid is reduced, as in reaction with copper. It reacts immediately with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide. 2. A gaseous signal molecule in both animals and plants. In animals, it is used to keep blood vessels relaxed and flexible, and    (more info - nitric oxide)

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Nordic diet
The Nordic diet features many cold-climate fruit and vegetables such as apples, pears, stone fruit, cabbage, legumes, and root veggies, as well as berries, whole grains, nuts, rapeseed oil, cold-water fish (e.g. mackerel, salmon, 2-3 times a week). Wild game, poultry, and low-fat dairy products are    (more info - Nordic diet)

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Nordic Walking
Sometimes called "urban poling" or "pole walking". Nordic walking is a physical activity and a sport. The activity is performed with specially designed walking poles similar to ski poles. It employs the same motion as cross country skiing but can be practised in all seasons, and in most environme   (more info - Nordic Walking)

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Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
A chemical precursor of epinephrine (synthesized from dopamine) that is both a hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal glands and a neurotransmitter (a substance which transmits nerve signals from neuron to neuron). As a hormone, it stimulates the storage or mobilization of sugar by acting on m   (more info - Norepinephrine)

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nutrients
A substance taken by a cell from its environment and used in catabolic or anabolic reactions.

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nutritional therapy
A system of healing based on the belief that food, as nature intended, provides the medicine we need to obtain and maintain a state of health: our food is our medicine and our medicine is our food. Although some health problems require specific medication, many conditions can be relieved effectively   (more info - nutritional therapy)

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nutritionist
Nutritionists are not regulated in most provinces or by any federal bodies. For most of Canada, there is no formal degree of training required to use the designation. (Compare Dietitian.)

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Peripheral neuropathy (neuropathy)
Any pathology of the peripheral nerves; a problem in any part of the nervous system except the brain and spinal cord. Neuropathies can be caused by infection, toxic substances, or disease. Many people who have had diabetes for a while have nerve damage. The three major forms of nerve damage are:    (more info - Peripheral neuropathy)

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These definitions are not intended as a standalone reference guide; they are linked from other pages for the convenience of the users of this site.

Information on this website is for information purposes only.
Please consult a qualified health practitioner before taking any course of action.
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