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Natural Health Glossary
Medical Terms, Therapies, Accreditation

Don't forget to check the Herbal Remedies/Herbology 101 reference for more definitions!
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free radicals (reactive oxygen species)
Free radicals are atoms or or electrically neutral molecules that have one or more unpaired electrons in their outer orbital. They are unstable and react quickly with other atoms and molecules; because of this, they can cause damage to living tissues. Reactive oxygen species are a form of highly    (more info - free radicals)

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irradiation (radiation)
Irradiate: to expose to radiation. Radiation: 1. The act of spreading outward from a central source; 2. Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles; 3. The spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay; 4. The treat   (more info - irradiation)

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Psychological resilience (resiliency)
The physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit; an occurrence of rebounding or springing back. Psychological resilience is an individual's tendency to cope with stress and adversity. This coping may re   (more info - Psychological resilience)

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radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
The treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to radiation from a radioactive substance (electromagnetic or particulate radiation). Radiation therapy is synergistic with chemotherapy, and has been used before, during, and after chemotherapy in susceptible cancers. Common side effects a   (more info - radiation therapy)

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RD
Registered Dietitian    (more info - RD)

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RDN
Registered Dietitian    (more info - RDN)

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Red wine
A wine having a red color derived from skins of dark-colored grapes. Polyphenols play a key role in the health benefits of wine by acting as antioxidants that prevent cell damage, but the other possible effects of these chemicals are not yet fully understood. A recent study showed that just 100 m   (more info - Red wine)

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Reductive stress
Reductive stress is the counterpart of oxidative stress, and where reduction involves the addition of one or more electrons to a molecule, oxidation involves the removal of one or more electrons. As with oxidation, reduction is associated with cell damage and disease.

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Reflexology
Reflexology is the practice of manually stimulating the hands and the feet as a form of therapy. It is a system of massage used to relieve tension and treat illness, based on the theory that there are reflex points on the feet, hands, and head linked to every part of the body. Reflexology is base   (more info - Reflexology)

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reiki
A technique for stress reduction and relaxation that allows everyone to tap into an unlimited supply of "life force energy" to improve health and enhance the quality of life. It is one of the more widely known forms of energy therapy. The practitioner issues high frequency energy out the hands i   (more info - reiki)

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relaxant (relaxation)
Relaxant: A drug or treatment that relaxes and relieves tension; tending to relax or relieve muscular or nervous tension, e.g. "a relaxant drug". Relaxation: the exponential return of a system to equilibrium after a disturbance; the act of making less strict; a state of refreshing tranqui   (more info - relaxant)

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Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)
An injury to muscles, tendons, nerves, and other soft tissues as a result of repeated stress. Injury may be caused by any combination of repetitive, unacustomed, or prolonged movements, forcefulness, or an awkward position (often due to bad ergonomics). The symptoms are pain, tingling, weakness, num   (more info - Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI))

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Resistance training (strength training)
Physical training that utilizes isometric (muscle contraction without movement at the joint), isotonic (of two or more muscles having equal tension -- muscular work which produces motion of a body part), or isokinetic (with a specialized apparatus that provides variable resistance to a movement) exe   (more info - Resistance training)

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resveratrol
A natural phenolic compound that certain plants, including red grapes, Japanese knotweed, mulberries, and peanuts produce when stressed. That stress can be caused by drought, pests, bacteria, or fungi. It has antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. It also appears to lower blood s   (more info - resveratrol)

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Rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)
A chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint.   (more info - Rheumatoid arthritis)

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RHom
Registered with National Union of Professional and Trained Homeopaths (NUPATH)

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Rhythmic Mobilization
The therapist performs a series of movements (rocking and shaking) that are gradually increased and maintained to effect a stretching of tissues, which increases mobilization, and relaxation that prepares the client for massage.

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riboflavin (vitamin b2)
once called "vitamin G", currently called riboflavin, vitamin B2 is a co-enzyme used by your body to process proteins and carbohydrates. Similar to vitamin A in that it helps the mucous membranes stay moist and healthy.   (more info - riboflavin)

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rickets
Bone disease caused by vitamin-D deficiency. Bones become bent and distorted during infancy or childhood if there is insufficient vitamin D for normal growth and development.

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RLS (restless leg syndrome)
Also called: Willis-Ekbom disease, RLS A sleep-related neurologic movement disorder that involves an achy or unpleasant feelings in the legs associated with a need to move. This urge tends to be accompanied by unusual feelings or sensations, called "paresthesias," that occur deep in the legs tha   (more info - RLS)

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RMT
Registered Massage Therapist

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RN
Registered Nurse

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RNHP
Registered Natural Health Practitioner - designation granted by the Canadian Examining Board of Health Care Practitioners after completing the corresponding diploma.

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Rolfing
Also known as Structural Integration. A system of hands-on connective tissue manipulation and movement education aimed at releasing stress patterns, and helping the client move and function with greater freedom, and effortlessly maintain a more upright posture

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Rosmarinic acid
A caffeic acid ester found in a variety of plants, with antioxidant and/or medicinal properties. It is found in species used commonly as culinary herbs such as Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), Ocimum basilicum (basil), Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), Melissa officinalis (lemon balm), Origanum    (more info - Rosmarinic acid)

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RPP
Registered Polarity Practitioner - Accreditation granted by APTA - American Polarity Therapy Association.

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RSHom
Registered with the Society of Homeopaths, UK

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RSHom (NA)
Registered with the North American Society of Homeopaths (NASH)

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rubefacient
A medicine for topical (external) application that produces redness of the skin, e.g. by causing dilation of the capillaries and an increase in blood circulation.

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Singing bowls (rin gongs)
Singing bowls, sometimes called "meditation bowls" or "rin gongs", are technically a form of bell, though inverted and resting rather than suspended. According to researcher Joseph Feinstein, singing bowls were traditionally used in Asia and the tradition of making sound with bronze bowls could go b   (more info - Singing bowls)

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