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Herbology 101 - Herbal Remedies and Herb Information

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Select a letter to see the herbs & descriptions:

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Bay (Laurus nobilis)

see Bay Laurel

Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis)

Bay Laurel is a common herb in cooking, often just called Bay Leaves. It is a small tree which grows to about 15-20 feet tall in mild climates, it is an excellent container plant (do not overwater). Bay Laurel is sometimes added to toothpaste and deodorant because of its antibacterial action. Used t   (more info - Bay Laurel)
WARNING: Be sure it is Bay Laurel, as certain other Laurel plants are poisonous People with allergies should be aware that this is a plant to which people are often allergic. May cause skin irritation when u...more

Chinese Licorice (Licorice, Chinese)

Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum)

1. Plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem.
2. The fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric.
Flaxseed: The seed of the flax; linseed.

Flax has a single, slender stalk, about   (more info - Flaxseed)
WARNING: Excessive consumption without liquid can result in intestinal blockage. Consuming large amounts of flax seed may also impair the effectiveness of certain oral medications, due to its fiber content,...more

Henna (Lawsonia inermis)

1. A thorny tree or shrub of the genus Lawsonia (L. alba).2. the leaves of the henna plant, or a preparation or dyestuff made from them; a reddish brown dye used especially on hair;3. [v] to apply henna to one's hair; "She hennas her hair every month."

The powdered leaves of the henna   (more info - Henna)
WARNING: The name is misused for other skin and hair dyes, such as black henna or neutral henna, which are not derived from the plant, so beware that you are getting true henna from a reputable source. Henna ...more

Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)

An Asiatic trailing evergreen honeysuckle with half-evergreen leaves and fragrant white flowers turning yellow with age.

It is an effective groundcover, and has pleasant, strong-smelling flowers. It can be cultivated by seed, cuttings, or layering. In addition, it will spread itself v   (more info - Japanese honeysuckle)

Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris)

Also called Bear's Foot or Lion's Foot, this herb now common to North America originated in Northern Europe. It is a short low-growing plant, that reaches a maximum of about 45 cm. Its broad, specialized leaves are efficient dew collectors, and this property has given it mythic abilities - and    (more info - Lady's Mantle)
WARNING: Do not take during pregnancy.

Lapacho (Lapacho)

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

This small perennial shrub makes an excellent container shrub as it has both decorative and medicinal uses.

Simply brushing up against this plant releases a heady fragrance, one that is common to perfumes, lotions and bath accessories. The scent alone is therapeutic, and is one of th   (more info - Lavender)
WARNING: Lavender can trigger seizures in epileptics.

Legumes (Fabaceae)

1. An annual crop yielding from one to twelve seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod.

2. The edible seeds of various pod-bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.).

Pulses are a subset of legumes, sometimes called "grain legumes", and by UN standards    (more info - Legumes)

Lemon (Citrus limon)

1. An oval or roundish fruit resembling the orange, and containing a pulp usually intensely acid. It is produced by a tropical tree of the genus Citrus, the common fruit known in commerce being that of the species C. Limonum or C. Medica (var. Limonum). There are many varieties of the fruit, some of   (more info - Lemon)
WARNING: Topical use may cause photosensitivity.

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

A bushy perennial Old World mint (in the family Lamiaceae) having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; the lemony leaves of this plant that are used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches.

It is often confused with bee balm (which is genus Monarda).<   (more info - Lemon Balm)
WARNING: Lemon balm is believed to inhibit the absorption of the thyroid medication thyroxine.

Lemon Basil (Ocimum Basilicum)

see Basil

Lemon eucalyptus (Corymbia citriodora)

The lemon eucalyptus, sometimes called the lemon-scented gum tree, is a relative of the eucalyptus tree, of the same family Myrtaceae (myrtles). This also makes it a relative of the clove, guava, feijoa, and allspice, all of which are woody, with strong essential oils.

Corymbia citrio   (more info - Lemon eucalyptus)

Lemon Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)

Also known as Wild Thyme.
This perennial makes an excellent container herb, sharing the many uses of its domesticated cousin, plus a delightful lemony element that adds a brightening dimension to dishes.
Thymol, an oil derived from thyme, is found in antiseptics, toothpastes and mouthw   (more info - Lemon Thyme)

Lemon Verbena (Lippia citriodora)

Use: leaves (best when fresh)
Used to make tea, as a seasoning herb, and in soaps, this herb is preferred for its tonic and stress-relieving abilities.

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)

Lemongrass has long been known to help repel insects, but that is only one of the many uses it has.

A fairly common element in Asian cooking, this herb is a delight to have in the house over the winter months. In our northern climes, it will never reach the 3 metres high that it does    (more info - Lemongrass)

Lentil (Lens culinaris)

A widely cultivated leguminous (see: legumes) Eurasian annual herb plant of the genus Ervum or Lens (Ervum Lens), grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder; the round flat seed of the lentil plant. (The l   (more info - Lentil)

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)

Any of various plants of the genus Lactuca; the leaves of any of various plants of Lactuca sativa.

A composite plant of the genus Lactuca (L. sativa), the leaves of which are used as salad. Plants of this genus yield a milky juice, from which lactucarium is obtained.

Th   (more info - Lettuce)

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Also see wild licorice for the North American variety.

1. A deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots.
2. A black candy flavored with the dri   (more info - Licorice)
WARNING: Excessive consumption of liquorice or liquorice candy is known to be toxic to the liver and cardiovascular system, and may produce hypertension and edema. In occasional cases blood pressure has inc...more

Liferoot (Liferoot)

Ligusticum (Ligusticum)

Lilac (Syringa)

1. Any of various plants of the genus Syringa having large panicles of usually fragrant flowers.
2. [adj] Of a pale purple color, resembling certain of the lilac florets.

The lilac is a member of the olive family (Oleaceae)

There are six species of lilac, native    (more info - Lilac)

Lily (Lily)

Lime (Citrus Medica)

1. A fruit allied to the lemon, but much smaller. There are two kinds; Citrus Medica, var. acida which is intensely sour, and the sweet lime (C. Medica, var. Limetta) which is only slightly sour.
2. The tree which bears it.

Limes grow year-round and are usually smaller and less   (more info - Lime)
WARNING: Topical use may cause photosensitivity. When the skin is exposed to ultraviolet light after lime juice contact, a reaction known as phytophotodermatitis can occur, which can cause darkening of th...more

Linden (Linden)

Lindera (Lindera)

Lomatium (Lomatium)

Longan (Longan)

Lotus (Lotus)

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)

Also called: Sea Parsley.
Use: Root, leaves and seeds.
This herb imparts a flavour similar to celery, which can be a lovely addition to any cook's repertoire; it is also a striking finsihing touch.
An ideal container herb, that loves sun or partial shade, Lovage has been used i   (more info - Lovage)
WARNING: Use only confirmed domestic lovage plants. Bears close resemblance to water hemlock and poison hemlock. Heavy use may invoke photosensitivity.

Lungwort (Lungwort)

Lupin (Lupinus)

Any plant of the genus Lupinus; bearing erect spikes of usually purplish-blue flowers. Some European varieties possess yellow or white flowers and are cultivated for forage or erosion control.

Lupins are consumed as fermented foods, bread and pasta products, milk products, or sprouts.   (more info - Lupin)
WARNING: Lupin allergy is on the rise and may cause life-threatening anaphylaxis in sensitive individuals.

Lycium (Lycium)

Maca (Lepidium meyenii)

An herbaceous biennial plant of the crucifer family native to the high Andes of Peru. Its Spanish and Quechua names include maca-maca, maino, ayak chichira, and ayak willku. It was found at the Meseta of BomBom close to Junin Lake in the Andes.

Despite being called "Peruvian Ginseng"   (more info - Maca)
WARNING: Light-coloured maca contains glucosinolates, which can cause goiters when high consumption is combined with a diet low in iodine. Maca also contains phytoestrogens, and caution should be exercised in...more

manuka (Leptospermum scoparium)

A New Zealand myrtaceous tree with strong elastic wood and aromatic leaves. The blossoms are the source of the nectar used by bees in making manuka honey.

Manuka is also called Jelly Bush, Leptospermum, and tea tree, though the last term is more commonly used to indicate the Australia   (more info - manuka)

peyote (Lophophora williamsii)

This flat greyish cactus is sometimes called "mescal" and is legal only for use in Native American spiritual ceremonies. It is a hallucenogenic, owing to the concentrations of mescaline along with 55 other alkalines. Ingestion of "mescal buttons" - small chunks of peyote - can create colourful a   (more info - peyote)
WARNING: Can induce residual and ongoing panic attacks, and can be dangerous in that it is a psychomimetic. It can give the person ingesting it the same behaviour and perceptions as a clinically psychotic ind...more

Purple Gromwell (Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum)

Purple Gromwell (also called Stoneseed, or Pearl Plant) is a hardy perennial with red roots and star-shaped leaves. The fruit it bears is notoriously hard, which explains the Greek name, which translates as "Stone seeds". Use externally for rashes and internally for bladder stones

WARNING: Do not take without medical supervision.

Thunder God Vine (Tripterygium wilfordii)

A vine used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of fever, chills, edema and carbuncle.

More properly translated "thunder duke vine", thunder god vine is used as a traditional or folk remedy for excessive menstrual periods and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis   (more info - Thunder God Vine)
WARNING: Thunder god vine can cause severe side effects and can be poisonous if it is not carefully extracted from the skinned root. Other parts of the plant—including the leaves, flowers, and skin of the root...more

Wild Lettuce (Lactuca)

There are two main species of lettuce commonly refered to as "wild lettuce": one common in North America (Canada lettuce) and the other common to Europe (Prickly Lettuce).

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis):
This is a generally biennial herb in the daisy family growing from a    (more info - Wild Lettuce)

wolfberry (Lycium barbarum)

Goji berries (also known as Chinese wolfberry, bocksdorn, or matrimony vine) have been an integral part of the Chinese medical tradition for almost 2,000 years. They are related to potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, deadly nightshade, chili peppers, and tobacco.

High in antioxidants, Goji   (more info - wolfberry)
WARNING: In vitro testing has shown Wolfberry tea to inhibit warfarin metabolism. Organochlorine pesticides are conventionally used in commercial wolfberry cultivation to mitigate destruction of the delicate ...more


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