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Herbology 101 - Herbal Remedies and Herb Information

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Select a letter to see the herbs & descriptions:

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Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

An important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop. Alfalfa, like other leguminous crops, is a known source of phytoestrogens, including spinosterol. Grazing on alfalfa has been suspected as a cause of reduced fertility   (more info - Alfalfa)

Amur maackia (Maackia amurensis)

Parts used: stem bark (legume, young leaves)
Also called: Cladrastis amurensis, inu-enju, maackia

Named after the botanist Richard Maack, amur maackia originates in Manchuria (East Asia). The bark is used in Korean traditional medicine to treat aches and inflammation-related ai   (more info - Amur maackia)

apple (Malus domestica)

1. A Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits.
2. The fruit of the apple tree with red, yellow, or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh.

Apple trees are in the rose family (Rosaceae), meaning it is a relative of roses, bla   (more info - apple)

Bananas (Musa)

1. Any of several tropical and subtropical treelike herbs of the genus Musa having a terminal crown of large entire leaves and usually bearing hanging clusters of elongated fruits.
2. The elongated crescent-shaped yellow fruit with soft sweet flesh of the banana tree.

The banan   (more info - Bananas)
WARNING: Individuals with a latex allergy may experience a reaction to bananas.

Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia)

Bitter melon is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit, which is among the most bitter of all fruits. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit.

Bitter mel   (more info - Bitter Melon)
WARNING: People with hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) should not take bitter melon, because it may trigger or worsen the problem.

cajuput (melaleuca cajuputi)

A highly stimulating inflammable volatile oil, distilled from the leaves of an East Indian tree. It is greenish in color and has a camphoraceous odor and pungent taste.

It consists mainly of cineol (see terpenes), from which cajuputene, having a hyacinth-like odor, can be obtained by    (more info - cajuput)

Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis)

A Southeast Asian fruit found throughout the region from Southern China to Northeastern Australia, mostly Vietnam, with a short harvest season (December/January). It is Also called: Spiny Bitter Gourd, Cochinchin Gourd, Sweet Gourd, or Baby Jackfruit in English. It is of the family Cucurbitaceae, m   (more info - Gac fruit)
WARNING: Certain extracts of gac may inhibit trypsin/chymotrypsin (a serine protease that breaks down proteins). 16336125, 16733830

German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L)

A Eurasian plant with apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis.

See also Roman Chamomile.

German Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) is an annual plant of the composite fami   (more info - German Chamomile)
WARNING: · Do not use tincture or essential oil version during pregnancy. · Chamomile may increase anticoagulant effects. · Allergies to ragweed may be echoed in this family member. · Ve...more

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

A bushy perennial Old World mint (in the family Lamiaceae) having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; the lemony leaves of this plant that are used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches.

It is often confused with bee balm (which is genus Monarda).<   (more info - Lemon Balm)
WARNING: Lemon balm is believed to inhibit the absorption of the thyroid medication thyroxine.

Ma Huang (Ma Huang)

Maca (Lepidium meyenii)

An herbaceous biennial plant of the crucifer family native to the high Andes of Peru. Its Spanish and Quechua names include maca-maca, maino, ayak chichira, and ayak willku. It was found at the Meseta of BomBom close to Junin Lake in the Andes.

Despite being called "Peruvian Ginseng"   (more info - Maca)
WARNING: Light-coloured maca contains glucosinolates, which can cause goiters when high consumption is combined with a diet low in iodine. Maca also contains phytoestrogens, and caution should be exercised in...more

Madder (Rubia)

A type genus of the Rubiaceae; Old World herbs and subshrubs grown for their medicinal properties and for dye substances extracted from their roots. The genus contains about 60 species of perennial scrambling or climbing herbs and sub-shrubs native to the Old World, Africa, temperate Asia and Americ   (more info - Madder)

Magnolia (Magnolia)

Maize (Zea mays)

A tall annual or biennial cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times.

While yellow maizes derive their color from lutein and zeaxanthin, in red-colou   (more info - Maize)
WARNING: Raw forms are not edible and cannot be digested. Unless properly prepared, that is "nixtamalized", maize will not be a viable source of critical nutrients and malnourishment may arise if used as a sta...more

mango (Mangifera indica)

A large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval smooth-skinned fruit; the large oval smooth-skinned tropical fruit with juicy aromatic pulp and a large hairy seed. Some varieties are fleshy and luscious, and others tough and tasting of turpentine. The green fruit is pickled for market.   (more info - mango)
WARNING: Mango sap and peel contain urushiol, the same component that causes the allergic skin rash on contact in poison ivy. Do not eat the peels.

manuka (Leptospermum scoparium)

A New Zealand myrtaceous tree with strong elastic wood and aromatic leaves. The blossoms are the source of the nectar used by bees in making manuka honey.

Manuka is also called Jelly Bush, Leptospermum, and tea tree, though the last term is more commonly used to indicate the Australia   (more info - manuka)

Marigolds (Tagetes)

1. A plant of the daisy family, typically with showy yellow, orange, or copper-brown flowers, that is widely cultivated as an ornamental.
2. Used in names of other plants with yellow flowers, e.g., corn marigold, marsh marigold.

Marigolds are cousins to sunflowers and daisies,    (more info - Marigolds)

Marijuana (Hemp) (Cannabis sativa, C indica)

Also known as: Canabis, Grass, Pot, Weed, Ganja, Maryjane
Parts used: Leaves, Flowers, Stems

Cannabis sativa has been cultivated for millennia, and is one of the oldest crops known. It has derived a controversial reputation based on the medicinal and social uses, but it also h   (more info - Marijuana (Hemp))

Marjoram (Origanum vulgaris)

Use: leaf, flowers, stalks.
With a taste remniscent of both thyme and oregano, this herb finds its way into blended herb and spice dishes like turkey stuffings and fish dishes.
This perennial is a wonderful container plant growing to a maximum of a metre high. A stalky plant with a lo   (more info - Marjoram)

Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)

Mathake (Mathake)

Mayapple (Mayapple)

Meadowsweet (Meadowsweet)

Mentha (Mentha)

Milk thistle (Silybum)

A tall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America. Milk thistle is a member of the Asteraceae (daisy) family, a cousin of sunflowers, chamomile, and marigolds.

Traditional milk thistle extra   (more info - Milk thistle)

Milkvetch (Milkvetch)

Milkweed (Milkweed)

Monarda (Bee Balm) (Monarda didyma)

Also called: Oswego Tea, Bee Balm, American Bee Balm, Horsemint, Indian Nettle, Scarlet Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot, Red Bergamot
Parts used: Flowers, leaves
{Infusions} made of the dried and fresh leaves of this herb are drunk as a tea which has a myriad of positive side effects including   (more info - Monarda (Bee Balm))
WARNING: May cause photosensitivity.

Morinda (Morinda)

Moringa ()

Moringa is a genus of trees of Southern India and Northern Africa. One species (Moringa pterygosperma also called Moringa oleifera) is the horse-radish tree, aka the drumstick tree, and its seeds, as well as those of {M. aptera}, are known in commerce as ben or ben nuts, and yield the oil called oil   (more info - Moringa)
WARNING: The roots contain an alkaloid, potentially having nerve-paralyzing properties.

Motherwort (Motherwort)

Motherwort, Chinese (Motherwort, Chinese)

Mugwort (Mugwort)

Muira Puama (Muira Puama)

Mulberries (Morus)

1. Any of several trees of the genus Morus having edible fruit that resembles the blackberry.
2. The sweet usually dark purple blackberry-like fruit of any of several mulberry trees of the genus Morus.

Types:Morus rubra, the Red Mulberry, is a native of eastern North America, f   (more info - Mulberries)

Mulberry Mistletoe (Mulberry Mistletoe)

Mullein (Mullein)

Mung bean (Vigna radiata)

An erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus.

While usually used for its seed and bean sprouts, mun   (more info - Mung bean)

mushrooms (macrofungi)

Any large fungus, especially one of the genus Agaricus or of the subdivision Basidiomycota; a toadstool. Several species are edible, but many are very poisonous.

Preliminary research has shown some medicinal mushroom isolates to have cardiovascular, anti-cancer, antiviral, antibacteri   (more info - mushrooms)

Mustard (Brassica)

1. Any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica;
2. The leaves of the mustard plant eaten as cooked greens;
3. A pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds, used as a condiment and a rubefacient.

There are also many herbs of the same family (th   (more info - Mustard)
WARNING: Raw brassica vegetables contain goitrogens, which can suppress the function of the thyroid gland and induce the formation of a goiter by interfering with iodine uptak...more

Myrrh (Myrrh)

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)

Dried Pennyroyal is often used as a natural way to rid a pet or house of fleas. Create a decoction or dilute the essential oil and bathe pet or spray on surfaces. You can also make a homemade flea collar by sewing a hollow tube and filling it with dried pennyroyal leaves. Make sure to use a break   (more info - Pennyroyal)
WARNING: Do not take while pregnant Beware of all wild mints as they may in fact be Pennyroyal. Do not ingest - can cause serious liver or other organ damage resulting in coma or death.
PET WARNING: Do not allow pets to ingest pennyroyal oil or leaves.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Use: leaves stems flowers.
If planning to use this charmer in a container, be aware that it is a very aggressive plant, and will eventually strangle out the others, so you are best to give it its own pot. They also prefer damp rich soil and shade.
Peppermint is used after dinner for it   (more info - Peppermint)
WARNING: Do not pick wild - use only identified mints. Pennyroyal, a close cousin, has been known to induce comas and convulsions.

Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

A common perennial aromatic herb native to Eurasia having buttonlike yellow flower heads and bitter-tasting pinnate leaves that are sometimes used medicinally. Also called Cow buttons, Scented fern, Bitter Buttons, Cow Bitter, and Mugwort.

For many years, tansy has been used as a medi   (more info - Tansy)
WARNING: Tansy contains a volatile oil which can cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. If taken internally, toxic metabolites are produced as the oil is broken down in the liver and digestive trac...more

tea tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia)

Related plants: Cajeput (Melaleuca leucadendra), Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia)
Parts used: volatile oils, leaves
The name is also used for the relative plant Manuka.

The Tea Tree is native to Australia, but now grown throughout the world. The leaves are harvested sev   (more info - tea tree)
WARNING: Small pets should not ingest tea tree oil, as there have been incidents of kittens being made seriously ill and/or dying shortly after ingesting it. Use topically and sparingly only.

Virgin's Mantle (Fagonia cretica)

Also called 'Mantle of the Virgin', is a species of plant in the Zygophyllaceae, the Caltrop family, specifically the fagonbushes. It is a cousin to Creosote bush, the bean-caper, and caltrop.

It is native to warm arid, desert regions regions of the Old World in southern Europe, south   (more info - Virgin's Mantle)


Disclaimer: This content is provided here for informational purposes only. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or treat. Check with a qualified Health Practitioner before using any herbal treatment. Use of these reference pages signifies acceptance of this notice and our Terms and Condition.

Information on this website is for information purposes only.
Please consult a qualified health practitioner before taking any course of action.
Always check for counter-results before deciding on a course of action.

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