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Herbology 101 - Herbal Remedies and Herb Information

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Select a letter to see the herbs & descriptions:

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Almond (Prunus dulcis)

1. A small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California;
2. The oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree (a drupe, not a true nut);
3. Anyt   (more info - Almond)
WARNING: Almonds may cause allergy or intolerance. Cross-reactivity is common with peach allergens (lipid transfer proteins) and tree nut allergens.

American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium)

Also called: Five fingers
Parts used: root.
Milder than its Chinese cousin, American Ginseng is also good for assisting the immune system in fighting off infections such as cold and flu. It is also favoured for treating fatigue due to illness and coughs.
See also Ginseng and A   (more info - American Ginseng)
WARNING: Do not use while pregnant or breastfeeding.

Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)

Also known as Indian Gooseberry, nelli, amalaka, and emblic, amla is a common medicinal herb in the Ayurvedic tradition. A cousin to bhumyamalaki (phyllanthus niruri), it possesses similar antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties. All parts of this mid-sized tree are used: fruits,    (more info - Amla)
WARNING: Do not use while pregnant. Do not use in conjunction with Insulin. Do not use in conjunction with diuretics. Do not use in conjunction with heart medications.

Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum)

Avocado (Persea americana)

1. A tropical American tree bearing large pulpy green fruits;
2. The pear-shaped tropical fruit of the avocado tree the size of a large pear, with green or blackish skin and rich yellowish pulp enclosing a single large seed;
3. The colour of the dull yellowish green of the meat of an a   (more info - Avocado)

Bhumyamalaki (phyllanthus niruri)

Also called: Bhoomi Amalaki, Cane Peas Senna, Pitirishi, Carry-me-seed, Shka-nin-du, Hurricane Weed, Chanca Piedra (Shatter Stone).
Parts used: entire plant.
Bhumyamalaki is also called "Chanca Piedra" a Spanish phrase meaning "stone breaker". The Aboriginal Peoples of the Amazon, whe   (more info - Bhumyamalaki)
WARNING: Do not use while pregnant. Do not use in conjunction with Insulin. Do not use in conjunction with diuretics. Do not use in conjunction with heart medications.

Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)

Parts used: fruit, oils
Black Pepper has been used culinarily and medicinally for millennia. It has been the cause of wars and exploration.

Black Pepper has a warming effect, both internally and topically. Used in creams or salves, pepper can be a good muscle relaxant; use    (more info - Black Pepper)
WARNING: Do not use the essential undiluted on the skin as it will cause irritation.

Bushy Knotweed (Polygonum ramosissimum)

An herbaceous annual plant species native to most of North America. It is often used in place of Chinese knotweed (Polygonum multiflorum) or Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum).   (more info - Bushy Knotweed)

Cherry (Prunus Cerasus)

1. Any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood.
2. A fruit (drupe) of the cherry tree or shrub with a single hard stone.
3. A red the color of ripe cherries.
4. Wood of any of various cherr   (more info - Cherry)

Chinese Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Also called: Ginseng, Korean ginseng, schinsent, ninjin.
Parts used: root.

Ginseng is an adaptogen that has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for millennia. It has anti-carcinogenic and antioxidant properties, as well as anti-inflammatory effects.

The act   (more info - Chinese Ginseng)
WARNING: Reported side effects from taking too much ginseng include: nausea, diarrhea, headaches, nose bleeds, high blood pressure, low blood pressure, and breast pain. Excessive quantities may cause insomnia...more

Chinese knotweed (Polygonum multiflorum)

An herbaceous perennial vine growing to 2-4 m tall from a woody tuber with small, white or greenish-white flowers (6-7 mm diameter).

It is used in traditional Chinese medicine, which regards it as having anti-aging properties. It also exhibits strong antioxidant activity and contains    (more info - Chinese knotweed)

Chinese Lantern (Physalis alkegengi)

Also called the "bladder cherry", this ripe fruit is often made into jellies. Historically thought to be a diuretic, this property is not scientifically supported.
WARNING: Unripe fruits may be toxic

Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Clicking this link will return all the various plants called "Ginseng" in the database. To see only Panax ginseng, visit Chinese Ginseng.   (more info - Ginseng)

Ground nuts (Arachis hypogaea)

1. A widely cultivated trailing leguminous American plant (Arachis hypogaea) grown in tropical and warm regions with showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground;
2. The underground pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; 'gr   (more info - Ground nuts)
WARNING: Peanut allergies are relatively common, and the outcome ranges from mild to severe allergic reactions to peanut exposure. Symptoms can range from watery eyes to anaphylactic shock, which can be fa...more

Inca Peanut (Plukenetia volubilis)

Also known as: Sacha Peanut, Sacha Inchi, or the Mountain Peanut.

High in omega 3 fatty acids, the Inca peanut is often used by vegetarians to supplement their diet. It also contains omega 6, omega 9, iodine, vitamin A, vitamin E, and protein, making it a robust nutritional supplement   (more info - Inca Peanut)
WARNING: There are rare cases of allergies reported resulting in bronchial asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, usually in those who work with it on a daily basis.

Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum)

Also called: Fallopia japonica, Reynoutria japonica. A member of the family Polygonaceae, and relatives of Chinese knotweed, Bushy knotweed.

Japanese knotweed is a large, herbaceous perennial plant native to eastern Asia, specifically Japan, China, and Korea. In Chinese medicine, it i   (more info - Japanese knotweed)
WARNING: Some caution should be exercised when consuming this plant because it, similar to rhubarb, contains oxalic acid, which may aggravate conditions such as rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hy...more

Kava Kava (Piper methysticum)

Also known as: ava pepper, awa, intoxicating pepper, kava root, kew, kawa-kawa, sakau, tonga, rauschpfeffer, wurzelstock, yangona

The roots of the plant are used to produce a drink with sedative and anesthetic properties, which is used for relaxation and often to relieve symptoms of m   (more info - Kava Kava)
WARNING: Kava must be used with care by non-Indigenous peoples as some incidents of liver toxicity has occurred, thought to be the result of ingesting parts other than the roots of the plant. The FDA warns of...more

Knotweed (Polygonum)

A diverse genus of herbs or woody subshrubs of north temperate regions in the Polygonaceae family. Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tear-thumb, mile-a-minute, and several others.

In traditional Chinese medicine, a Polygonum extract called Rèlínqi-ng Ke-   (more info - Knotweed)

Legumes (Fabaceae)

1. An annual crop yielding from one to twelve seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod.

2. The edible seeds of various pod-bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.).

Pulses are a subset of legumes, sometimes called "grain legumes", and by UN standards    (more info - Legumes)

Maca (Lepidium meyenii)

An herbaceous biennial plant of the crucifer family native to the high Andes of Peru. Its Spanish and Quechua names include maca-maca, maino, ayak chichira, and ayak willku. It was found at the Meseta of BomBom close to Junin Lake in the Andes.

Despite being called "Peruvian Ginseng"   (more info - Maca)
WARNING: Light-coloured maca contains glucosinolates, which can cause goiters when high consumption is combined with a diet low in iodine. Maca also contains phytoestrogens, and caution should be exercised in...more

Paeony (Paeony)

Paeony, Red Paeony (Paeony, Red Paeony)

Papaya (Carica papaya)

A tropical American shrub or small tree having huge deeply palmately cleft leaves and large oblong melon-like tropical fruit with yellowish flesh.

Papayas can be used as a food, a cooking aid and in traditional medicine. The stem and bark may be used in rope production. Papaya fruit i   (more info - Papaya)

Parsley (Petroselinum hortense)

Parsley is an annual or biennial aromatic herb with finely-cut flat or curly leaves, and a member of the family Apiaceae along with celery, carrots, cilantro, lovage, Queen Anne's Lace, and the dangerous poison hemlock.

Parsley is a source of flavonoids, and antioxidants (especially l   (more info - Parsley)
WARNING: Do not use at medicinal dosage levels during pregnancy

Partridge Berry (Partridge Berry)

Passion Flower (Passion Flower)

Peach (Prunus persica)

1. A tree (Prunus persica, or Amygdalus Persica) producing downy juicy fruit with sweet yellowish or whitish flesh cultivated in temperate regions.
2. The well-known high-flavored juicy fruit of the peach tree, containing one or two seeds in a hard almond-like endocarp or stone. In the wild s   (more info - Peach)
WARNING: Some people who are allergic to almonds may also have an allergy or intolerance to peaches. As with many other members of the rose family, peach seeds contain cyanogenic glycosides...more

Pear (Pyrus communis)

Old World rosaceous tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit, widely cultivated in many varieties; the sweet juicy gritty-textured fruit of this tree available in many varieties.

The pear is a member of the rose family, along with peaches, plums, cherries, raspberries, strawberri   (more info - Pear)

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)

Dried Pennyroyal is often used as a natural way to rid a pet or house of fleas. Create a decoction or dilute the essential oil and bathe pet or spray on surfaces. You can also make a homemade flea collar by sewing a hollow tube and filling it with dried pennyroyal leaves. Make sure to use a break   (more info - Pennyroyal)
WARNING: Do not take while pregnant Beware of all wild mints as they may in fact be Pennyroyal. Do not ingest - can cause serious liver or other organ damage resulting in coma or death.
PET WARNING: Do not allow pets to ingest pennyroyal oil or leaves.

Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

Also called: sháo yào, Peonia Albae

The root of Paeonia lactiflora is used in TCM to reduce fever and pain, and on wounds to stop bleeding and prevent infection. An antispasmodic effect is also recorded in the Japanese pharmacopoeia.

The leaves of many cul   (more info - Peony)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Use: leaves stems flowers.
If planning to use this charmer in a container, be aware that it is a very aggressive plant, and will eventually strangle out the others, so you are best to give it its own pot. They also prefer damp rich soil and shade.
Peppermint is used after dinner for it   (more info - Peppermint)
WARNING: Do not pick wild - use only identified mints. Pennyroyal, a close cousin, has been known to induce comas and convulsions.

peppers (Capsicum)

Any of various sweet or pungent capsicum fruits.

Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Among its cousins are tomatoes, eggplants, petunias, tobacco, and potatoes. The name "pepper" came into use because of their similar flavour to the condiment b   (more info - peppers)

Perilla (Perilla)

Petitgrain (Citrus aurantium)

See also: petitgrain, bitter orange
Parts used: flowers, leaves, fruit

Neroli is the name given to the essential oil from the bitter orange blooms only, where petitgrain essential oil is from the leaves (see below). Neroil is an expensive oil to extract as the blossoms are tiny   (more info - Petitgrain)
WARNING: May cause photosensitivity.

peyote (Lophophora williamsii)

This flat greyish cactus is sometimes called "mescal" and is legal only for use in Native American spiritual ceremonies. It is a hallucenogenic, owing to the concentrations of mescaline along with 55 other alkalines. Ingestion of "mescal buttons" - small chunks of peyote - can create colourful a   (more info - peyote)
WARNING: Can induce residual and ongoing panic attacks, and can be dangerous in that it is a psychomimetic. It can give the person ingesting it the same behaviour and perceptions as a clinically psychotic ind...more

Picrorhiza (Picrorhiza)

Pinellia, Processed (Pinellia, Processed)

Pipewort (Pipewort)

Pipsissewa (Pipsissewa)

Pistachio (Pistacia vera)

1. A small tree of southern Europe and Asia Minor (originating in Iran/Persia) that bears small hard-shelled nuts;
2. The nut of above-mentioned Mediterranean trees, possessing an edible green kernel, which has a pleasant taste, resembling that of the almond, and yields an oil of agreeable ta   (more info - Pistachio)

Plantain (Plantago major)

Also called: Ribwort
Parts used: leaves, seeds
If you are from the Caribbean, "plantain" conjures up a completely different plant, a relative to the banana, and not a weed like a dandelion. Infusions made from the leaves of the North American can be used both topically or taken as a t   (more info - Plantain)

Pleurisy Root (Pleurisy Root)

Plums (Prunus)

Plums are part of the Rosaceae family, which also includes: roses (obviously), almonds, apples, apricots, blackberries, cherries, chokeberries, crabapples, hawthorns, quinces, peaches, pears, raspberries, Saskatoon berries, and strawberries.

In addition to their culinary uses (jams, j   (more info - Plums)
WARNING: As with many other members of the rose family, plum seeds contain cyanogenic glycosides, including amygdalin. These substances are capable of decomposing into a sugar molecule and hydrogen cyanide gas...more

Polygala (Polygala)

Polyporus (Polyporus)

pomegranate (Punica granatum)

1. A shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit.
2. Large globular fruit having many seeds with juicy red pulp in a tough brownish-red rind.

Pomegranates are now successfully cultivated in many warm countries, and as a house plant in cold   (more info - pomegranate)

Poria (Poria)

Potentilla (Potentilla)

Prickly Ash (Prickly Ash)

Prince's Ginseng (Pseudostellaria heterophylla)

Prince's Ginseng (Hai Er Shen) is not a member of the panax family, and not a true Ginseng, but it is so called because the effects it has on the body so closely resemble those of true ginsengs.

Prince's Ginseng is adaptogenic - it strengthens the body's resistance levels - and it aid   (more info - Prince's Ginseng)

Privet (Privet)

Psoralea (Psoralea)

Psyllium (Plantago)

A plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative.

The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India.(more info - Psyllium)
WARNING: Choking is a hazard if psyllium is taken without adequate water as it thickens in the throat. Cases of allergic reaction to psyllium-containing cereal have also been documented.

Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)

A coarse vine widely cultivated for its large non-keeping fruit (not to be stored for long periods) with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes.

The fruit are usually large, pulpy, deep-yellow, and round,   (more info - Pumpkin)

Purple Aster (Purple Aster)

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpura,angustifolia)

Use the roots and flowers. The infusions and decoctions made from this flower have astrigent properties, as well as stimulating the immune system. Many people rely on its effects when they feel a cold coming on.   (more info - Purple Coneflower)
WARNING: A recent analysis of 59 brand name echinacea products found that 48% did not contain the species of Echinacea on the label and 10% contained no measurable Echinacea. Less than half of the products met...more

Purple Gromwell (Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum)

Purple Gromwell (also called Stoneseed, or Pearl Plant) is a hardy perennial with red roots and star-shaped leaves. The fruit it bears is notoriously hard, which explains the Greek name, which translates as "Stone seeds". Use externally for rashes and internally for bladder stones

WARNING: Do not take without medical supervision.

Purple Loosestrife (Purple Loosestrife)

Purple Viper's Bugloss (Echium plantagineum)

A genus of bristly herbs and shrubs of the family Boraginaceae (the Borage or Forget-me-not family).

Echium oil contains high levels of alpha linolenic acid (ALA), gamma linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA), making it valuable in cosmetic and skin care applications, with fu   (more info - Purple Viper's Bugloss)
WARNING: Due to a high concentration of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in the shoot, it is poisonous to grazing livestock, especially those with a simple digestive system like horses. The toxins are cumulative in the...more

Purslane (Purslane)

Pygeum (Pygeum)

Red Stinkwood (Prunus africana)

Also called: Pygeum, African Prune, African Cherry, or Bitter Almond. Ngwabuzito, Entasesa, Mkonde-konde, and uMkakase are its African names.

The African Plum tree is a relative to the roses, along with other plums, cherries, apples, and almonds. It is traditionally used to treat feve   (more info - Red Stinkwood)

Stevia (Stevia)

Any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America.

The leaves of the stevia plant have 30–45 times the sweetness of sucrose (ordinary table sugar). The leaves can be eaten fresh,   (more info - Stevia)

Sweet Almond (prunus amygdalus dulcis)

Parts used: nut

Native to the Middle East, this nut has been used as a moisturizing agent for millennia. It can be used topically as well as internally.

Sweet almond is still widely used in cosmetics and as a carrier oil. It contains essential fatty acids that are good   (more info - Sweet Almond)
WARNING: Do not use without knowing if the recipient has nut allergies.

Tienchi Ginseng (Panax notoginseng)

Also called: san qi.
Parts used: root.
Tienchi Ginseng has a wide range of beneficial effects, including being an androgenic and an adrenal stimulant. Research has shown that this root has positive effects on cardiovascular disease, immuodeficiency, low sperm motility, and haemolytic    (more info - Tienchi Ginseng)
WARNING: Do NOT use while pregnant. The quality of the ingredients varies with the region and the season in which it was harvested.

Wild Cherry (Prunus serotina)

The wild cherry; as, Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), valued for its timber; P. Virginiana (choke cherry), an American shrub which bears astringent fruit; P. avium and P. Padus, European trees (bird cherry).

As the main ancestor of the cultivated sweet cherry, the Wild cherry is o   (more info - Wild Cherry)

 

Disclaimer: This content is provided here for informational purposes only. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or treat. Check with a qualified Health Practitioner before using any herbal treatment. Use of these reference pages signifies acceptance of this notice and our Terms and Condition.

Information on this website is for information purposes only.
Please consult a qualified health practitioner before taking any course of action.
Always check for counter-results before deciding on a course of action.

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