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Herbology 101 - Herbal Remedies and Herb Information

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Select a letter to see the herbs & descriptions:

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Blackberries (Rubus)

A bramble of any of various bushes of the genus Rubus with sweet edible black or dark purple berries that usually do not separate from the receptacle; the large sweet black or very dark purple edible aggregate fruit of the blackberry bush.

The fruit is not a true berry; botanically it   (more info - Blackberries)

Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)

Any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants and its black, strong-flavored, tonic fruit containing several seeds dense in nutrients (notably Vitamin C).

There are many cultivars of blackcurrant.

The fruit has extraordinarily high vitamin C conten   (more info - Blackcurrant)

Broccoli rabe (Brassica rapa)

A green cruciferous vegetable. The edible parts are the leaves, buds, and stems. The buds somewhat resemble broccoli, but do not form a large head. It is known for its slightly bitter taste, and is particularly associated with Italian and Portuguese cuisines.

In Italy, it is called ci   (more info - Broccoli rabe)

Buckthorn (Rhamnus)

1. A shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments. They are native throughout the temperate and subtropical Northern Hemisphere, and also more locally in the subtropical Southern Hemisphere in parts of Africa and South America;2. Also: any shrub or small t   (more info - Buckthorn)

Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis)

A large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin (a toxin); widely naturalized throughout the tropics. Its seed is the castor bean which, despite its name, is not a true bean.

Alcoholi   (more info - Castor oil plant)
WARNING: The toxicity of raw castor beans due to the presence of ricin is well-known; the lethal dose in adults is considered to be four to eight seeds. The pericarp of castor bean showed central nervous syst...more

Dog Rose (Rosa canina)

Parts used: Hips, leaves, petals

Not only beautiful to see and smell, Dog Roses are a truly multipurpose part of the wild and garden, and very much underrated. Their cousins the Japanese Rose have many of the same properties. Do not think to limit them to your bath and perfume.
(more info - Dog Rose)

Madder (Rubia)

A type genus of the Rubiaceae; Old World herbs and subshrubs grown for their medicinal properties and for dye substances extracted from their roots. The genus contains about 60 species of perennial scrambling or climbing herbs and sub-shrubs native to the Old World, Africa, temperate Asia and Americ   (more info - Madder)

Radish (Raphanus sativus)

1. A Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent fleshyroot usually eaten raw;
2. The pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants.

The radish is a member of the Brassicaceae family, making it a cruciferous plant and a relative of watercress, musta   (more info - Radish)
WARNING: Raw brassica vegetables contain goitrogens, which can suppress the function of the thyroid gland and induce the formation of a goiter by interfering with iodine uptak...more

rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)

The seed of rape plants (from rapa, Latin for turnip); source of an edible oil.

The bright yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage/broccoli family). Rapeseed leaves and stems are also edible, similar to those of the related bok choy or kale.

(more info - rapeseed)
WARNING: Some estimates place current levels of GMO canola at 90% of the global crop.

Raspberry (Rubus)

Parts used: leaf, fruit.
Raspberries are members of the order Rosales, making them cousins to apples, blackberries, breadfruit, cannabis, nettles, peaches, roses, and strawberries.

Raspberries come in more colours than the well-known red ones, particularly purple, black, and go   (more info - Raspberry)
WARNING: Excessive ingestion of the fruit may cause diarrhea.

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Red clover is a perennial grown for fodder and for its ability to extract nitrogen from the environment and return it to the soil when it dies.

Red clover is high in tannins plus the isoflavones: genistein, daidzein, formononetin, and biochanin A. It also contains: calcium, chromium,    (more info - Red Clover)
WARNING: - Do not use red clover that has been fermented. - Red clover should not be taken in conjunction with anticoagulants - Red clover can stimulate and mimic estrogen, so it is not recommended for peopl...more

Red Jujube Date (Red Jujube Date)

Red Root (Red Root)

Red Sage Root (Danshen) (Salvia miltiorrhiza)

(Not to be confused with Scarlet Sage Salvia splendens.)

Red sage root is a member of the mint family (salvia is the largest genus of mints) that grows 30-60cm high native to China and Japan. The root is typically harvested in the fall.

Red sage root or Danshen is used    (more info - Red Sage Root (Danshen))
WARNING: Do not take red sage root if you are on the heart medication warfarin. It can cause intense bleeding and anticoagulant complications.

Red Stinkwood (Prunus africana)

Also called: Pygeum, African Prune, African Cherry, or Bitter Almond. Ngwabuzito, Entasesa, Mkonde-konde, and uMkakase are its African names.

The African Plum tree is a relative to the roses, along with other plums, cherries, apples, and almonds. It is traditionally used to treat feve   (more info - Red Stinkwood)

Rehmannia (Rehmannia)

Reishi (Reishi)

Rhatany (Rhatany)

Rheum palmatum (Rheum palmatum)

Also called: Turkey Rhubarb, Indian rhubarb, Russian rhubarb or rhubarb root. Chinese medicine name: da-huang.

Long used for its laxative properties, Chinese rhubarb is one of the ancient herbal remedies that is still used today -- both in conventional and herbal medicine. Possessing    (more info - Rheum palmatum)

rice (Oryza)

1. Annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper
2. Grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished

Rice is type of grass that is a member of the Oryza genus, either O. sativa (Asian rice) or O. glaberrima (African rice). T   (more info - rice)

Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile)

Parts used: flowers
Also called: garden camomile, ground apple, low chamomile, English chamomile, or whig plant.
See also: German chamomile.

Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) has been used as far back as ancient Egypt, where it was dedicated to the gods.

   (more info - Roman Chamomile)
WARNING: · Do not use tincture or essential oil version during pregnancy. · Chamomile may increase anticoagulant effects. · Allergies to ragweed may be echoed in this family member. · Ve...more

Rose ( rugosa, gallica)

Any of many flowers and shrubs of any species of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae; [adj] having a dusty purplish pink color: "the roseate glow of dawn".

Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild state have five pet   (more info - Rose)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

1. A plant widely cultivated for its fragrant gray-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery;
2. The extremely pungent leaves of the rosemary plant used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats.

Use: leaves, stalks

A lovely spiky plant, Rosemary can b   (more info - Rosemary)
WARNING: Rosemary Oil should not be taken internally as it is a stomach, intestines and kidney irritant.

Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea)

A fleshy-leaved herb (also called rosewort, arctic root, king's crown) -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.

Rhodiola rosea is a member of the Crassulaceae family that grows in cold regions of the world including much of the Arctic, eastern North America (from Baffin    (more info - Roseroot)

Rupturewort (Rupturewort)

Sumac (Rhus typhina, R. glabra)

Sumacs are a family of trees, of the genus Rhus, relatives of the cashew. For our purposes here, we are focusing primarily on a common North American variety: Staghorn sumac (many of the same properties apply to the smooth sumac bush, as well as other related varieties).

Fruit from th   (more info - Sumac)
WARNING: Rhus glabra, or smooth sumac, can be mistaken for poison sumac (Rhus vernix) when no mature fruit is visible.

Turnips (Brassica campestris)

A widely cultivated cruciferous plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root, Brassica rapa, sometimes used interchangeably to describe rutabagas Brassica napobrassica in Canada.

The turnip is a cruciferous vegetable of the family Brassicaceae, and a relative of the radish,   (more info - Turnips)
WARNING: Raw brassica vegetables contain goitrogens, which can suppress the function of the thyroid gland and induce the formation of a goiter by interfering with iodine uptak...more


Disclaimer: This content is provided here for informational purposes only. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or treat. Check with a qualified Health Practitioner before using any herbal treatment. Use of these reference pages signifies acceptance of this notice and our Terms and Condition.

Information on this website is for information purposes only.
Please consult a qualified health practitioner before taking any course of action.
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