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Herbology 101 - Herbal Remedies and Herb Information

Disclaimer: This content is provided here for informational purposes only.
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Select a letter to see the herbs & descriptions:

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Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi)

(Wild Caraway orCarum copticum)
The small brownish seeds are remniscent of caraway, and that is why it is often called "wild Caraway". The plant grows in India where the metre-high plants are air-dried, and the seeds are extracted through rubbing. The seeds are used in cooking or simply che   (more info - Ajowan)

Asian Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

see Dandelion.

Bat Flower (Tacca chantrieri)

A relative of yams, Tacca chantrieri grow wild in the tropical forest in Yunnan Province, China, where they can get as tall as 36 inches (~0.91 meters). They grow best in well-drained soil and high humidity but are hardy down to -3C.

They get their name from the black flowers that are   (more info - Bat Flower)

Cacao (Theobroma cacao)

Cacao, Also called: Cocoa palm, cocoanut.
(Also see chocolate.)

Chocolate and cocoa contain a high level of flavonoids, specifically epicatechin (a catechin), which may have beneficial cardiovascular effects on health. They also contain flavanols, which have been shown to incre   (more info - Cacao)
PET WARNING: Theobromine, an alkaloid contained in chocolate, is highly toxic to cats and dogs among other animals (horses, rodents, and more). Never give your pet chocolate.

Chinese Asparagus (Asparagus cochinchinensis)

Also called asparagus root, Asparagi Radix, Shatavri in India, or tian men dong in Chinese, of which the tubers are used as a kind of herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

   (more info - Chinese Asparagus)

Chocolate (Theobroma cacao)

Chocolate is the end product of the seeds from the cacao plant. High in theobromine, dark chocolate (at least 70% cocoa content) is a mood elevator as well as having antioxidant properties.

The health benefits of chocolate are related to dark chocolate (minimum seventy percent cocoa)   (more info - Chocolate)
WARNING: There are two primary concerns with chocolate as a health product - lead and high fat content. Both vary with production. Be sure to consider the nutrition label and the manufacturer. 1. Lead in ...more
PET WARNING: Theobromine, an alkaloid contained in chocolate, is highly toxic to cats and dogs among other animals (horses, rodents, and more). Never give your pet chocolate.

Cinnamomum cassia (Cinnamomum cassia)

Chinese cinnamon or Cassia bark (both powdered and in whole, or "stick" form) is used as a flavouring agent for confectionery, desserts, pastries, and meat; it is specified in many curry recipes, where Ceylon cinnamon is less suitable. Cassia is sometimes added to Ceylon cinnamon, but is a much thic   (more info - Cinnamomum cassia)

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)

Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

Also called: Damiane, Oreganillo
Meso-American peoples have considered Damiana to be an aphrodisiac for hundreds of years, though there is little scientific evidence of it having this property. There has been verification of its tonic and antiseptic.
They (from the Mayans until today)   (more info - Damiana)

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Also called: Chin Tsan Ts'Ao, Hindiba Berri, Pissabed, Pissenlit, Priest's Crown, Swine's Snout, Wild Endive.
This many-named homeowner's bane has some wonderful uses, you may be surprised to discover, among them, wine, salad greens, tea, cooked greens and the remedy for many common ailments.   (more info - Dandelion)

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L)

Fenugreek is an annual herb found in southern Europe and eastern Asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry.

Fenugreek is used both as a herb (the leaves) and as a spice (the seed, often called methi in Urdu/Hindi/Nepali). The leaves and sprouts are   (more info - Fenugreek)
WARNING: Do not take if you are on hypoglycemic therapy, hormonal therapy, or anticoagulant therapy. Do not take while pregnant. Excessive use (more than 100 grams per day) may cause nausea and/or intestinal...more

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

Also called: Wild chamomile, Bride's buttons.
An infusion of Feverfew, or Feverfew leaves (preferably taken with bread) can be used to help alleviate headaches (including migraines), muscle tension, colds, menstrual cramps, hay fever, vertigo, tinnitus, and mild cases of neuralgia and sciatic   (more info - Feverfew)
WARNING: Do not take in conjunction with blood thinners. May cause mouth sores (the bread will help prevent that). Do not take while pregnant or while breastfeeding.

Hawthorn (Crataegus)

A thorny spring-flowering shrub or small tree (of the genus Crataegus oxyacantha), having deeply lobed, shining leaves, small, roselike, fragrant flowers, and a fruit called haw. It is much used in Europe for hedges, and for standards in gardens. The American hawthorn is Crataegus cordata, which has   (more info - Hawthorn)
WARNING: Overdose can cause cardiac arrhythmia and dangerously lower blood pressure. Milder side effects include nausea and sedation.

Lemon Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)

Also known as Wild Thyme.
This perennial makes an excellent container herb, sharing the many uses of its domesticated cousin, plus a delightful lemony element that adds a brightening dimension to dishes.
Thymol, an oil derived from thyme, is found in antiseptics, toothpastes and mouthw   (more info - Lemon Thyme)

Marigolds (Tagetes)

1. A plant of the daisy family, typically with showy yellow, orange, or copper-brown flowers, that is widely cultivated as an ornamental.
2. Used in names of other plants with yellow flowers, e.g., corn marigold, marsh marigold.

Marigolds are cousins to sunflowers and daisies,    (more info - Marigolds)

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Red clover is a perennial grown for fodder and for its ability to extract nitrogen from the environment and return it to the soil when it dies.

Red clover is high in tannins plus the isoflavones: genistein, daidzein, formononetin, and biochanin A. It also contains: calcium, chromium,    (more info - Red Clover)
WARNING: - Do not use red clover that has been fermented. - Red clover should not be taken in conjunction with anticoagulants - Red clover can stimulate and mimic estrogen, so it is not recommended for peopl...more

Tabasheer (Tabasheer)

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)

1. A long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp;

2. the large tropical seed pod from the tamarind tree with very tangy pulp that is e   (more info - Tamarind)

Tansy (Tansy)

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Use: all; just the leaves for seasoning.
Also called: Dragon's mugwort
Primarily used for seasoning, this herb grows to about 24 inches tall; prefers semi-shade and very gentle winters. It has a taste of licorice, and is ubiquitous in French cuisine.
Tarragon has been used for    (more info - Tarragon)
WARNING: Long-term and excessive internal use of the essential oil has been associated with causing cancer.

tea (Camellia sinensis)

1. A tropical evergreen shrub (Camellia sinensis) or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves; "tea has fragrant white flowers".
2. Dried leaves of the tea shrub, used to make tea.

Tea proper is brewed from the leaves of Camellia   (more info - tea)
WARNING: The tea plant is highly sensitive to (and readily absorbs) environmental pollutants. Choose organic teas where available.
  • Green tea can interfere with the body's ability to utilize the anti-can...more

tea tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia)

Related plants: Cajeput (Melaleuca leucadendra), Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia)
Parts used: volatile oils, leaves
The name is also used for the relative plant Manuka.

The Tea Tree is native to Australia, but now grown throughout the world. The leaves are harvested sev   (more info - tea tree)
WARNING: Small pets should not ingest tea tree oil, as there have been incidents of kittens being made seriously ill and/or dying shortly after ingesting it. Use topically and sparingly only.

Teasel, Japanese (Teasel, Japanese)

Teucrium polium (Teucrium polium)

Also called: Cat thyme, hulwort, mountain germander

The leaves of Teucrium polium are used in cooking and for medicinal purposes, particularly for the treatment of stomach ailments. It has also shown some promise in the treatment of visceral pain.

In traditional Persian   (more info - Teucrium polium)
WARNING: There are documented cases of chronic hepatitis, due to an abuse of this plant.

Thuja (Thuja)

Thunder God Vine (Tripterygium wilfordii)

A vine used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of fever, chills, edema and carbuncle.

More properly translated "thunder duke vine", thunder god vine is used as a traditional or folk remedy for excessive menstrual periods and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis   (more info - Thunder God Vine)
WARNING: Thunder god vine can cause severe side effects and can be poisonous if it is not carefully extracted from the skinned root. Other parts of the plant—including the leaves, flowers, and skin of the root...more

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Use: leaves flowers.
Preparation: paste, salve, infusion, dried or fresh.
Marvellous as a seasoning and as a remedy for ailments. Grows to about 6 to 10 inches high; best in light, well-drained sandy soil.
Thymol, an oil derived from thyme, is found in antiseptics, toothpastes    (more info - Thyme)
WARNING: Excessive ingestion may cause gastrointestinal problems.

Tienchi Ginseng (Panax notoginseng)

Also called: san qi.
Parts used: root.
Tienchi Ginseng has a wide range of beneficial effects, including being an androgenic and an adrenal stimulant. Research has shown that this root has positive effects on cardiovascular disease, immuodeficiency, low sperm motility, and haemolytic    (more info - Tienchi Ginseng)
WARNING: Do NOT use while pregnant. The quality of the ingredients varies with the region and the season in which it was harvested.

Tobacco (Nicotiana)

1. Aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs;
2. the leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion.

An American plant of the Nightshade family, much used for smoking and chewing, and as snuff. As a medicine, it is narcotic, emetic, and cathartic. T   (more info - Tobacco)
WARNING: Because of its highly addictive nature, tobacco is rarely employed by herbalists nowadays, either topically or internally.

tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum)

A mildly acid red or yellow pulpy fruit eaten as a vegetable. They are members of the nightshade family, native to South America, and now grown world-wide in temperate climates.

Tomatoes are rich in lycopene, which may have beneficial health effects. Their nutrients also include: vit   (more info - tomatoes)
WARNING: As a member of the nightshade family, tomato leaves and stems contain atropine and other tropane alkaloids that are toxic if ingested. Leaves, stems, and green unripe fruit of the tomato plant conta...more

Torreya (Torreya)

Tree of Damocles (Tree of Damocles)

Tremella (Tremella)

Tribulus (Tribulus)

Tumeric (Tumeric)

Turkey Corn (Turkey Corn)

Turkey Tail Mushroom (Coriolus versicolor)

Also called: Coriolus mushrooms, Kawaratake, Yun Zhi, rainbow fungus

Turkey tail mushrooms (Coriolus versicolor, Trametes versicolor, Polyporus versicolor) are an extremely common form of polypore mushroom which can be found around the world. They possess antioxidant, anti-tumour, an   (more info - Turkey Tail Mushroom)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

1. A widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye.
2. The ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning.

Turmeric is a relative of ginger and a member of the Curcu   (more info - Turmeric)

Turnips (Brassica campestris)

A widely cultivated cruciferous plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root, Brassica rapa, sometimes used interchangeably to describe rutabagas Brassica napobrassica in Canada.

The turnip is a cruciferous vegetable of the family Brassicaceae, and a relative of the radish,   (more info - Turnips)
WARNING: Raw brassica vegetables contain goitrogens, which can suppress the function of the thyroid gland and induce the formation of a goiter by interfering with iodine uptak...more


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